Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria




Time period

• 1993–2005


• English

Place of study

• Australia

Geographical delimitation

• Rural or remote

• No relevance to rural or remote

Aspect of health care

• Comprehensive primary health care model or component thereof

• Secondary or tertiary health care (unless specifically articulated or supporting primary care)


1. What structural and financial issues are addressed?

• Identifies or addresses some specific structural or financial aspect of primary health service provision

• Problem description (not based on any evidence or intervention)

2. What are the barriers to and facilitators of success

• Identifies reasons for success or failure leading to models uptake or sustainability over time

• Descriptions of individual professional groups or activities (not models or systems)

3. Characteristics of appropriate models

• Some primary or secondary evidence base underpins research or statement

4. Evidence-informed principles or guidelines

• Key structural and financial characteristics are explicitly identified, considered or evaluated


• Clinical intervention or trial

• Education and training initiatives which do not inform a PHC service delivery model in a direct way.

Wakerman et al. BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:276   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-276

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