Table 1

Characteristics of the study population

N miss

N

n

%


Survey

0

7,769

spring 2004

1,393

17.93

autumn 2004

1,260

16.22

spring 2005

1,343

17.29

autumn 2005

1,273

16.39

spring 2006

1,218

15.68

autumn 2006

1,282

16.50

Socio-economic variables

Age (years)

0

7,769

18–30

1,146

14.75

31–40

1,501

19.32

41–50

1,543

19.86

51–60

1,241

15.97

61–70

1,561

20.09

71–79

777

10.00

Gender

0

7,769

female

4,508

58.03

male

3,261

41.97

Per capita income per month (Euro)

505

7,264

< 600

1,659

22.84

600–800

1,582

21.78

800–1,000

1,141

15.71

1,000–1,300

1,363

18.76

> 1,300

1,519

20.91

Co-payments

192

7,577

very difficult

1,765

23.29

somewhat difficult

2,841

37.50

not difficult

2,971

39.21

Health related variables

Health awareness (HAW)

38

7,731

strong

3,854

49.85

medium

3,360

43.46

little

517

6.69

Self assessed health (SAH)

36

7,733

good

2,055

26.57

medium

3,961

51.22

poor

1,717

22.20

Chronic disease

0

7,769

yes

3,817

49.13

no

3,952

50.87

Maximum co-payment of 1%a

0

7,769

yes

1,096

14.11

no

6,673

85.89

Outcome variable due to practice charge

0

7,769

effect 'yes' {

delayed physician visit

2,075

26.71

avoided physician visit

1,400

18.02

additional physician visit

1,937

24.93

effect 'no'

none of the above

2,357

30.34


a accepted by the sickness fund as being chronically sick

Rückert et al. BMC Health Services Research 2008 8:232   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-232

Open Data