Table 1

The 38 included reviews and the focus on adherence interventions per review

Disease/disorder

Technical

Behavioural

Educational

Affective

Other

Complex

Various


Single-focus reviews**)


Buring SM et al., 1999 [36]*

Peptic ulcer

X

Claxton AJ et al., 2001 [15]*

Various

X

Connor J et al., 2004 [37]*

Various

X

Iskedjian M et al., 2002 [38]*

Hypertension

X

Richter A et al., 2003 [39]*

Various

X

Yildiz A et al., 2004 [40]

Depression

X

Giuffrida A et al., 1997 [42]*

Various

X

Macharia WM et al., 1992 [43]*

Various

X

Brown SA 1990 [45]*

Diabetes

X

Devine EC 1996 [46]*

Asthma

X

Devine EC et al., 1995 [47]*

Hypertension

X

DiMatteo MR 2004 [52]*

Various

X 1)


Comparative reviews**)


Schedlbauer A et al., 2004 [58]

Hyperlipidemia

X

X

X 2)

X

Schroeder K et al., 2004 [49]*

Hypertension

X

X

X 3)

X

Merinder LB 2000 [54]

Schizophrenia

X

X

Mullen PD et al., 1992 [51]*

Cardiac care

X

X

Bender B et al., 2003 [27]

Asthma

X

X

Peterson AM et al., 2003 [29]

Hyperlipidemia

X

X

X

Peterson AM et al., 2003 [28]

Various

X

X

X

Takiya LN et al., 2004 [30]

Hypertension

X

X

X

Dolder ChR et al., 2003 [53]*

Schizophrenia

X

X

X

X

Roter DL et al., 1998 [31]*

Various

X

X

X

X 4)

X

Sharp J et al., 2005 [60]

Hemodialysis

X

X

X

X 5)

X

Higgins N et al., 2004 [59]

Elderly

X

X

Vergouwen ACM et al.2003 [50]*

Depression

X

X 6)


Multiple-focus reviews**)


Burke LE et al., 1997 [9]*

Cardiovascular

X

Dodds F et al., 2000 [35]*

Psychosis

X

Haynes RB et al., 2005 [6]*

Various

X

Morrison A et al., 2000 [41]*

Hypertension

X

Newell SA et al., 1999 [67]

Cardiovascular

X

Newell SA et al., 2000 [61]*

Cardiovascular

X

Nosé M et al., 2003 [55]

Schizophrenia

X

Pampallona S et al., 2002 [68]

Depression

X

Van Dam HA et al., 2003 [56]

Diabetes

X

Van der Wal MHL et al., 2005 [69]

Cardiovascular

X

Van Eijken M et al., 2003 [44]*

Elderly

X

Vermeire E et al., 2005 [57]

Diabetes

X

Zygmunt A et al., 2002 [48]*

Schizophrenia

X


Total

38

8

10

15

2

6

8

13


1) social support, 2) intensified care, 3) patient motivation, 4) provider directed interventions, 5) holistic approaches, 6) collaborative care

*) Reviews with significant differences between types of adherence interventions

**) Single-focus means that the interventions described in the review are all based on one model or theory; comparative means that two or more single-focus interventions are compared in the review; multiple-focus interventions are based on various models or theories

van Dulmen et al. BMC Health Services Research 2007 7:55   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-7-55

Open Data