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Open Access Open Badges Research article

Cost-consciousness among Swiss doctors: a cross-sectional survey

Patrick A Bovier12*, Diane P Martin23 and Thomas V Perneger2

Author Affiliations

1 Department of community medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, 24 Micheli-du-Crest, CH-1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland

2 Quality of Care Unit, Geneva University Hospitals, 24 Micheli-du-Crest, CH-1211 Geneva 14, Switzerland

3 Department of Health Services, Box 357660, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA

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BMC Health Services Research 2005, 5:72  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-5-72

Published: 10 November 2005



Knowing what influences physicians attitudes toward health care costs is an important matter, because most health care expenditures are the results of doctors' decisions. Many decisions regarding medical tests and treatments are influenced by factors other than the expected benefit to the patient, including the doctor's demographic characteristics and concerns about cost and income.


Doctors (n = 1184) in Geneva, Switzerland, answered questions about their cost-consciousness, practice patterns (medical specialty, public.vs. private sector, number of patients per week, time spent with a new patient), work satisfaction, and stress from uncertainty. General linear models were used to identify independent risk factors of higher cost-consciousness.


Most doctors agreed that trying to contain costs was their responsibility ("agree" or "totally agree": 90%) and that they should take a more prominent role in limiting the use of unnecessary tests (92%); most disagreed that doctors are too busy to worry about costs (69%) and that the cost of health care is only important if the patient has to pay for it out-of-pocket (88%). In multivariate analyses, cost-consciousness was higher among doctors in the public sector, those who saw fewer patients per week, who were most tolerant of uncertainty, and who were most satisfied with their work.


Thus even in a setting with very high health care expenditures, doctors' stated cost-consciousness appeared to be generally high, even though it was not uniformly distributed among them.