Table 3

Estimates of socio-demographics for access to prenatal care
Variables Logit FE-Logit RE-Logit REM-Logit CI (95%)
Age ≤ 20 1.65*** 1.64*** 1.65*** 1.65*** 1.39 1.97
(0.149) (0.149) (0.149) (0.149)
Age 30 – 39 0.79*** 0.78*** 0.79*** 0.79*** 0.72 0.86
(0.036) (0.036) (0.036) (0.036)
Age > 39 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.97 0.82 1.15
(0.084) (0.084) (0.084) (0.084)
Nationality: EU-27 2.67*** 2.70*** 2.69*** 2.69*** 2.38 3.05
(0.169) (0.174) (0.172) (0.172)
Nationality: Extra EU-27 2.49*** 2.56*** 2.55*** 2.55*** 2.31 2.82
(0.127) (0.131) (0.130) (0.130)
Education: Medium 1.17*** 1.16** 1.15** 1.15** 1.03 1.29
(0.067) (0.068) (0.067) (0.067)
Education: Low 1.49*** 1.46*** 1.46*** 1.45*** 1.28 1.65
(0.094) (0.094) (0.093) (0.093)
Occupation: Blue collar 0.88* 0.88* 0.88* 0.88* 0.76 1.02
(0.064) (0.064) (0.065) (0.065)
Occupation: Unemployed 1.33*** 1.41*** 1.39*** 1.39*** 1.17 1.65
(0.115) (0.126) (0.123) (0.123)
Occupation: Student 1.54*** 1.55*** 1.55*** 1.55*** 1.15 2.09
(0.233) (0.235) (0.235) (0.235)
Occupation: Housewife 1.45*** 1.39*** 1.42*** 1.42*** 1.22 1.65
(0.112) (0.110) (0.111) (0.111)
Marital status: Unmarried 1.41*** 1.45*** 1.44*** 1.44*** 1.32 1.58
(0.066) (0.068) (0.068) (0.068)
Parity: 1+ 1.53*** 1.52*** 1.53*** 1.53*** 1.41 1.66
(0.064) (0.064) (0.064) (0.064)
Deprivation index: sed2 0.89 0.64 1.25
(0.154)
Deprivation index: sed3 0.92 0.76 1.12
(0.091)
Deprivation index: sed4 1.05 0.83 1.34
(0.130)
Year: 2006 0.87** 0.89* 0.88** 0.88** 0.78 1
(0.057) (0.058) (0.057) (0.057)
Year: 2007 0.86** 0.86** 0.86** 0.86** 0.75 0.98
(0.057) (0.057) (0.057) (0.057)
Year: 2008 0.84*** 0.83*** 0.83*** 0.83*** 0.73 0.94
(0.054) (0.054) (0.054) (0.054)
Year: 2009 0.73*** 0.73*** 0.73*** 0.73*** 0.64 0.83
(0.049) (0.049) (0.049) (0.049)
Year: 2010 0.70*** 0.69*** 0.69*** 0.69*** 0.6 0.78
(0.047) (0.046) (0.046) (0.046)
Constant 0.05*** 0.03*** 0.05*** 0.05*** 0.04 0.06
(0.005) (0.014) (0.005) (0.006)
σu 0.271 0.26 0.19 0.36
(0.042) (0.042)
Ρ 0.021 0.02 0.01 0.04
(0.007) (0.006)
LR test for ρ = 0 83.26*** 66.02***
Observations 37,088 37,024 37,088 37,088
Adj. R-squared 0.08 0.09 . .
Number of municipalities 91 91

Notes: The confidence interval (CI) at 95% significance level refers to the ReM-Logit model (see text). Standard errors in brackets. Significant levels as follows: p-value *** ≤ 0.01, ** ≤ 0.05, * ≤ 0.1.

Outcome of interest: odds ratios between being late in first visit (LFV) versus regular timing of first visit (RFV).

Chiavarini et al.

Chiavarini et al. BMC Health Services Research 2014 14:174   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-174

Open Data