Table 2

Estimates of socio-demographics for access to prenatal care
Variables Logit FE-logit RE-Logit REM-Logit CI (95%)
Age ≤ 20 1.40*** 1.38*** 1.38*** 1.38*** 1.13 1.7
(0.141) (0.144) (0.143) (0.143)
Age 30 – 39 0.86*** 0.84*** 0.84*** 0.84*** 0.76 0.93
(0.042) (0.043) (0.042) (0.042)
Age > 39 0.88 0.84* 0.84* 0.84* 0.7 1.03
(0.087) (0.084) (0.083) (0.083)
Nationality: EU-27 2.72*** 2.58*** 2.59*** 2.59*** 2.25 2.98
(0.183) (0.186) (0.186) (0.186)
Nationality: Extra EU-27 2.94*** 2.94*** 2.92*** 2.92*** 2.63 3.26
(0.150) (0.162) (0.161) (0.161)
Education: Medium 0.94 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.88 1.12
(0.057) (0.061) (0.061) (0.061)
Education: Low 1.26*** 1.37*** 1.36*** 1.36*** 1.2 1.55
(0.082) (0.091) (0.091) (0.091)
Occupation: Blue collar 0.86* 0.87* 0.87* 0.88* 0.75 1.02
(0.067) (0.069) (0.069) (0.069)
Occupation: Unemployed 1.25** 1.60*** 1.56*** 1.56*** 1.29 1.88
(0.115) (0.154) (0.149) (0.149)
Occupation: Student 1.51** 1.34* 1.35* 1.35* 0.97 1.87
(0.254) (0.225) (0.225) (0.225)
Occupation: Housewife 1.36*** 1.33*** 1.34*** 1.34*** 1.14 1.58
(0.110) (0.112) (0.112) (0.113)
Marital status: Unmarried 1.17*** 1.15** 1.15*** 1.15*** 1.04 1.28
(0.060) (0.061) (0.061) (0.061)
Parity: 1+ 1.57*** 1.59*** 1.58*** 1.58*** 1.44 1.73
(0.071) (0.073) (0.072) (0.072)
Deprivation index: sed2 1.35 0.6 3.06
(0.564)
Deprivation index: sed3 1.29 0.88 1.9
(0.255)
Deprivation index: sed4 1.14 0.7 1.84
(0.279)
Year: 2006 1 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.85 1.11
(0.066) (0.065) (0.066) (0.066)
Year: 2007 0.83*** 0.78*** 0.78*** 0.78*** 0.68 0.9
(0.058) (0.055) (0.056) (0.056)
Year: 2008 0.62*** 0.60*** 0.60*** 0.60*** 0.52 0.7
(0.045) (0.044) (0.044) (0.044)
Year: 2009 0.74*** 0.71*** 0.72*** 0.72*** 0.63 0.83
(0.052) (0.051) (0.051) (0.051)
Year: 2010 0.58*** 0.55*** 0.55*** 0.55*** 0.48 0.64
(0.043) (0.041) (0.042) (0.042)
Constant 0.05*** 0.01*** 0.04*** 0.03*** 0.03 0.05
(0.005) (0.010) (0.005) (0.006)
σu 0.68 0.68 0.54 0.84
(0.077) (0.076)
Ρ 0.12 0.12 0.08 0.18
(0.024) (0.024)
LR test for ρ = 0 478.88*** 393.75***
Observations 36,993 36,717 36,993 36,993
Adj. R-squared 0.08 0.12 . .
Number of municipalities 91 91

Notes: The confidence interval (CI) at 95% significance level refers to the ReM-Logit model (see text). Standard errors in brackets. Significant levels as follows: p-value *** ≤ 0.01, ** ≤ 0.05, * ≤ 0.1.

Outcome of interest: odds ratios between fewer than four prenatal visits (LPV) versus four or more prenatal visits (NPV).

Chiavarini et al.

Chiavarini et al. BMC Health Services Research 2014 14:174   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-14-174

Open Data