Table 2

Characteristics of included studies
Context / Setting Definition of rural Sample Characteristics of rural practice / rural practitioners
Bent 1999 Central Australia Central Australia, Northern Territory considered to be remote 17 OTs, PTs, SLP; excluded private practice, management or consultants Large clinical caseloads, large geographical area, variety of age groups and conditions
Butler & Sheppard 1999 Australia Rural defined as < 25000 58 PTs graduated within 2 years; (18 in rural and 40 in metropolitan areas) More likely to be sole charge, less professional support, greater role as educator
Mills & Millsteed 2002 Australia Broad definitions cited and used 10 OTs previously in rural practice; purposive sample and snowball Breadth and depth of professional knowledge gained useful in all areas/settings of practice
Lee & MacKenzie 2003 New South Wales, Australia Classification based on density and distance 5 OT new graduates, (4 in public practice and 1 in private) Varied caseload, limited resources, limited support, greater interactions with clients and integration into community, professionals require independence & self-confidence
Denman & Shaddock 2004 New South Wales, Australia Work location > 1 hour drive from a metropolitan region (<250,000) Focus group of 1 OT, 2,PT, 2 SLP; 31, surveys returned from 9 OTs, 7 PTs, 13 SLP. Interviews with 1 SLP, 2 mangers working in departments providing disabilities services None given
Steenbergen & MacKenzie 2004 New South Wales, Australia Participants decided 9 OTs in 1st year practice in rural; (7 public and 2 private sector) None given
Devine 2006 Australia Australian accessibility remote index 6 OTs newly graduated; 4 OT instructors Greater need for management skills, prioritization, time management
Gillham et al 2007 Victoria, Australia Classification based on density and distance 8 allied health profession students, 7 managers, 18 allied health professionals and 10 former staff; all public sector None given
Thomas & Clarke 2007 Northern Territory, Australia None given 18 AHP including OTs and PTs Skills and attributes for rural practice: being organized, creative, flexible, cooperative and collaborative, cultural awareness, communication, resourceful, reflective learner, networking, dual roles and responsibility
Boshoff & Hartshorne 2008 South Australia, Australia Combined use of terms country and rural, no definitions 18 OT managers completed Questionnaire; majority public sector Multi-skilling of therapists, problem solving,
Le & Kilpatrick 2008 Australia None given 6 overseas born Australian trained health care professionals including 1 PT None given
Manahan et al 2009 British Columbia, Canada Broad definitions cited and used 6 AHP including: 6 SLP, 4 OTs, 4 PTs; no indication whether public or private sector Variety, change, dual relationships, challenges, need for creativity

Roots and Li

Roots and Li BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:59   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-59

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