Table 2

Substance use disorders with respect to ICD-10 diagnosis and Addiction Severity Index (ASI) of patients voluntarily and involuntarily admitted to addiction treatment centers
Involuntary n/ Voluntary n Involuntary (%) Voluntary (%) P-value
F10-19 Substance use disorders
 Single substance 65/137 9 (13.8) 32 (23.4) 0.116
 Two substances 65/137 11 (16.9) 30 (21.9) 0.412
 Three or more substances 65/137 45 (69.2) 75 (54.7) 0.050
ASI, Substance Abuseab
 Alcohol 60/132 29 (48.3) 41 (31.1) 0.021
 Heroin 61/134 21 (34.4) 18 (13.4) 0.001
 Other opiates 60/130 11 (18.3) 25 (19.2) 0.883
 Benzodiazepines, other sedatives 60/134 39 (65.0) 63 (47.0) 0.020
 Amphetamines 62/135 35 (56.5) 67 (49.6) 0.374
 Cannabis 61/133 32 (52.5) 71 (53.4) 0.905
 Cocaine, inhalants, hallucinogens 60/132 12 (20.0) 18 (13.6) 0.260

aSome patients abuse more than one substance, bLast 6 months before admission.

Opsal et al.

Opsal et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:57   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-57

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