Table 1

Baseline socio-demographic variables and mental stress scores for substance abuse patients voluntarily or involuntarily admitted to addiction treatment centers
Involuntary n/ Voluntary n Involuntary Voluntary P-value
Age, mean (SD) 65/137 29 (10.6) 31 (8.9) 0.229
Females (%) 65/137 31 (47.7) 37 (27) 0.004
Education
 Mean years in primary and high school (SD) 59/130 10.53 (1.4) 10.59 (1.6) 0.783
 Mean years in college/university (SD) 59/130 0.17 (0.8) 0.31 (1.0) 0.352
Sources of financial supporta, c
 Employment (%) 60/130 6 (10.0) 24 (18.5) 0.137
 Unemployment compensation (%) 60/130 2 (3.3) 4 (3.1)
 Public welfare benefits (%) 62/135 59 (95.2) 115 (85.2) 0.043
 Partner, family, or friends (%) 60/130 17 (28.3) 37 (28.5) 0.985
 Illegal activity (%) 60/130 24 (40.0) 47 (36.2) 0.610
 Prostitution (%) 60/130 3 (5.0) 1 (0.8)
Living arrangementc
 With partner (%) 60/130 8 (13.3) 11 (8.5) 0.298
 Alone (%) 60/130 31 (51.7) 62 (47.7) 0.610
 With family (%) 60/130 9 (15.0) 26 (20.0) 0.409
 Homeless (%) 60/130 9 (15.0) 16 (12.3) 0.610
 Institution (%) 60/130 2 (3.3) 15 (11.5)
Visits to physician for somatic complaintsc (%) 60/130 24 (40.0) 32 (24.6) 0.031
Injecting illicit drugc (%) 61/134 43 (70.5) 62 (46.3) 0.002
Drug overdosesd (%) 59/130 41 (69.5) 63 (48.5) 0.007
Suicide attemptsd (%) 60/131 23 (38.3) 71 (54.2) 0.042
Mental stress score
 SCL-90-R GSIb, mean (SD) 62/135 1.04 (0.7) 1.28 (0.7) 0.023

aSome have more than one source of financial support.

bSCL-90-R GSI, Symptom Check List-90-revised, Global Symptom Index.

cLast 6 months before admission, dLifetime prevalence.

Opsal et al.

Opsal et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:57   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-57

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