Table 2

Nurses’ reported assessment, management and referral at baseline, 6 months and 12 months
Group mean (95% confidence interval) p1
Risk factor Intervention Control Group Time Group × time interaction Effect size (95% CI)
Assessment
Smoking (n = 31) (n =22 ) 0.670 0.794 0.245
  Baseline 5.94 (5.32-6.55) 6.18 (5.61-6.76) −0.16 (−0.70–0.39)
  6-month 6.07 (5.42-6.71) 5.81 (5.11–6.52) 0.15 (−0.40–0.69)
  12- month 6.16 (5.59-6.71) 5.68 (4.93–6.44) 0.30 (−0.26–0.84)
Nutrition (n = 32) (n = 22 ) 0.080 0.242 <0.001
  Baseline 5.22 (4.54–5.90) 5.27 (4.64–5.90) −0.03 (−0.57–0.51)
  6-month 5.63 (4.94–6.31) 5.18 (4.50–5.86) 0.26 (−0.29–0.80)
  12- month 5.91 (5.41–6.40) 4.18 (3.40–4.96) 1.12 (0.52–1.69)
Alcohol (n =30) (n = 20) 0.042 0.891 0.703
  Baseline 5.73 (5.05–6.41) 5.00 (4.10–5.90) 0.39 (−0.18–0.96)
  6-month 6.00 (5.35–6.65) 4.90 (3.97–5.84) 0.60 (0.01–1.16)
  12- month 6.00 (5.36–6.64) 4.95 (3.9 –5.93) 0.56 (−0.02–1.13)
Physical activity (n = 32) (n = 22) 0.563 <0.001 <0.001
  Baseline 3.75 (3.04–4.47) 4.86 (4.14–5.59) −0.60 (−1.15–-0.04)
  6-month 5.56 (4.89–6.24) 4.96 (4.26–5.65) 0.34 (−0.21–0.89)
  12- month 5.72 (5.16–6.28) 4.55 (3.79–5.30) 0.72 (0.15–1.27)
Weight (n = 32) (n = 21) 0.399 0.348 0.041
  Baseline 4.09 (3.29–4.90) 4.48 (3.65–5.30) −0.19 (−0.74–0.37)
  6-month 4.88 (4.09–5.66) 4.57 (3.80–5.34) 0.16 (−0.40–0.70)
  12- month 5.06 (4.42–5.70) 3.91 (3.12–4.69) 0.65 (0.08–1.21)
Intervention
Smoking (n = 31) (n = 18) 0.497 0.005 <0.001
  Baseline 3.07 (2.58–3.59) 3.68 (3.08–4.28) −0.45 (−1.03–0.15)
  6-month 4.31 (3.67–4.96) 3.53 (2.85–4.20) 0.48 (−0.12–1.06)
  12- month 4.16(3.60–4.71) 3.57 (2.98–4.16) 0.42 (−0.17–1.00)
Nutrition (n = 30) (n = 22) 0.934 0.072 0.059
  Baseline 3.96 (3.419–4.50) 4.44 (3.88–5.00) −0.35 (−0.90–0.21)
  6-month 4.67 (4.038–5.32) 4.53 (3.957–5.11) 0.09 (−0.46–0.64)
  12- month 4.78 (4.25–5.32) 4.36 (3.75–4.97) 0.30 (−0.26–0.85)
Alcohol (n = 30) (n = 21) 0.672 0.115 0.144
  Baseline 3.33 (2.75–3.92) 3.69 (2.99–4.38) −0.23 (−0.79–0.33)
  6-month 4.08 (3.40–4.75) 3.70 (3.09–4.32) 0.23 (−0.33–0.79)
  12- month 4.11 (3.52–4.69) 3.64 (2.96–4.32) 0.31 (−0.26–0.86)
Physical activity (n = 30) (n = 21) 0.751 0.007 0.007
  Baseline 3.29 (2.88–3.71) 4.20 (3.57–4.84) −0.74 (−1.30–-0.15)
  6-month 4.53 (3.96–5.11) 4.01 (3.42–4.59) 0.36 (−0.21–0.92)
  12- month 4.36 (3.84–4.88) 4.29 (3.57–5.017) 0.05 (−0.51–0.60)
Weight (n = 30) (n = 21) 0.932 0.006 0.025
  Baseline 3.25 (2.75–3.75) 4.11 (3.47–4.75) −0.63 (−1.19–-0.05)
  6-month 4.52 (3.92–5.12) 3.92 (3.41–4.43) 0.42 (−0.15–0.98)
  12- month 4.31 (3.85–4.77) 3.95 (3.28–4.63) 0.27 (−0.30–0.82)
Referrals EI Paired t-test* Mean difference (95% CI) LI Paired t-test* Mean difference (95% CI)
Nutrition (n = 32) (n = 22) ΔT0T1: ΔT1T2 ΔT0T1: ΔT1T2
  Baseline 3.84 (3.16–4.52) 3.73 (2.94–4.52) 0.06 (−0.49–0.60)
  6-month 4.37 (3.57–5.16) 4.25 (3.42–5.08) 0.52 (−0.23 -1.26) 0.35 (−1.10- 0.90) 0.09 (−0.45–0.63)
  12- month 4.47 (3.73–5.20) 4.27 (3.46–5.08) 0.10 (−0.64 - 0.84) 0.10 (−0.90-1.10) 0.10 (−0.45–0.64)
Alcohol (n = 32) (n = 22)
  Baseline 3.41 (2.70–4.11) 3.41 (2.65–4.17) 0.0 (−0.54–0.54)
  6-month 2.94 (2.25–3.63) 3.76 (2.82–4.70) −0.47 (−1.37 - 0.43) 0.24 (−0.58-1.05) −0.39 (−0.93–0.16)
  12- month 3.03 (2.31–3.76) 3.29 (2.46–4.11) 0.07 (−0.84 - 0.97) −0.25 (−1.16-0.66) −0.13 (−0.67–0.42)
PA (n = 32) (n = 22)
  Baseline 2.72 (2.15–3.29) 3.95 (3.14–4.77) −0.69 (−1.24–-0.12)
  6-month 3.19 (2.56–3.81) 3.82 (2.94–4.70) 0.47 (−0.09 - 1.03) - 0.14 (−0.83-0.55) −0.33 (−0.87–0.22)
  12- month 3.19 (2.53–3.86) 3.76 (2.89–4.64) −0.07 (−0.62 - 0.49) −0.19 (−1.55-1.17) −0.29 (−0.83–0.26)
Quitline (n = 32) (n = 22)
  Baseline 3.19 (2.43–3.96) 3.77 (2.91–4.64) −0.27 (−0.81–0.28)
  6-month 4.13 (3.34–4.91) 3.76 (2.84–4.68) 1.03 (−0.01 - 2.07) 0.05 (−0.64-0.73) 0.17 (−0.38–0.71)
  12- month 4.35 (3.64–5.07) 3.57 (2.79–4.35) 0.13 (−0.65 - 0.90) −0.20 (−0.90-0.49) 0.39 (−0.16–0.93)
Weight management (n = 32) (n = 22)
PA referral
  Baseline 2.16 (1.60–2.71) 2.86 (2.16–3.57) −0.43 (−0.97–0.13)
  6-month 3.44 (2.74-4.13) 2.77 (2.01–3.53) 1.28(0.56 -2.00) −0.09 (−0.75-0.56) 0.35 (−0.21–0.89)
  12- month 3.06 (2.47–3.66) 2.81 (2.03–3.59) −0.45 (−1.11- 0.21) 0.05 (−0.79-0.69 0.14 (−0.41–0.68)
Nutrition referral
  Baseline 3.75 (2.96-4.54) 4.09 (3.26–4.92) −0.16 (−0.70–0.39)
  6-month 4.31 (3.60–5.02) 4.00 (3.20–4.80) −0.09 (−0.99- 0.80) 0.16 (−0.39–0.70)
  12- month 4.29 (3.65–4.93) 3.86 (2.93–4.78) −0.13 (0.84 -0.58) −0.00 (−0.73-0.73) 0.21 (−0.33–0.76)

1 Testing for overall difference in level between early and late groups (main effect of group), change over time (main effect of time), and difference in time course between groups (group × time interaction). Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to account for within-subject correlation.

* number of cases may deffer from analysis to analysis.

Chan et al.

Chan et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:54   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-54

Open Data