Table 5

Likelihood of experiencing hospital and non-hospital harm, ordered probit
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
Married −0.00422 0.0628 0.09277 −0.0610 0.0303 0.0395
(0.0638) (0.0622) (0.0575) (0.0619) (0.0530) (0.0577)
Divorced 0.0179 0.00655 0.0526 −0.0189 −0.0159 0.0274
(0.0544) (0.0558) (0.0548) (0.0662) (0.0590) (0.0625)
Widow 0.0385 0.103 0.138 −0.0575 0.0192 0.0458
(0.0774) (0.0858) (0.0898) (0.0587) (0.0522) (0.0638)
Primary education −0.183 −0.239*** 0.138 −0.0575 0.0192 0.0458
(0.142) (0.0894) (0.132) (0.143) (0.0958) (0.130)
Secondary education −0.228*** −0.258*** −0.171** −0.255*** −0.313*** −0.198**
(0.0875) (0.0726) (0.0826) (0.0824) (0.0673) (0.0778)
University education −0.180** −0.0384 −0.179** −0.252*** −0.194*** −0.246***
(0.0715) (0.0689) (0.0732) (0.0768) (0.0690) (0.0.0774)
Female −0.161*** −0.187*** −0.179*** −0.113*** −0.133*** −0.131***
(0.0301) (0.0323) (0.0307) (0.0336) (0.0336) (0.0319)
Urban −0.00288 0.00489 0.00433 −0.00810 −0.00817 −0.00217
(0.571) (0.0406) (0.0519) (0.0525) (0.0397) (0.0480)
Household size −0.0155 0.0167 0.0134 −0.0157 0.0114 0.0135
(0.0250) (0.0158) (0.0196) (0.0189) (0.0119) (0.0141)
Poor −0.478*** −0.314*** −0.411*** −0.428*** −0.267*** −0.354***
(0.0567) (0.0585) (0.0547) (0.0683) (0.0683) (0.0683)
Age −0.0144** −0.0182*** −0.0161*** −0.00621 −0.00730 −0.00709
(0.00577) (0.00609) (0.00588) (0.00468) (0.00472) (0.00484)
Age squared 0.000209*** 0.000195*** 0.000165*** 0.000175*** 0.000134*** 0.000121**
(0.0000535) (0.0000565) (0.0000527) (0.0000497) (0.0000478) (0.0000490)
Asset index 0.196*** 0.0110 0.0115 0.228*** 0.0173 0.0160
(0.0568) (0.0270) (0.0387) (0.0562) (0.0274) (0.0380)
_cut1 −11.03*** −11.54*** −14.24*** −10.78*** −11.50*** 9.530**
(1.047) (1.061) (4.211) (1.025) (1.043) (4.284)
_cut2 −2.619*** 3.063*** −5.812 −2.445*** −3.122*** −1.182
(0.211) (0.148) (3.971) (0.157) (0.127) (4.062)
_cut3 −0.336* −0.587*** 3.469 −0.141 −0.656*** 1.178
(0.204) (0.137) (4.003) (0.152) (0.101) (4.080)
_cut4 2.529*** 2.455*** −0.540 2.875*** 2.507*** 4.247
(0.211) (0.155) (4.102) (0.129) (0.118) (4.082)
Log of GDP per capita (average 2008-2010) −0.277 0.150
(0.441) (0.438)
Total health expenditure (as % of GDP, average 2008-2010) −0.0279 −0.00589
(0.0813) (0.0742)
Gini, average 2008-2010 −0.0662*** −0.00589
(0.0197) (0.0207)
Log of number of doctors per 1000 people (average 2008-2010) 0.538 0.221
(0.613) (0.521)
Corruption perception index (average 2008-2010) 0.195** 0.144*
(0.0991) (0.0805)
N 25016 25016 25016 24832 24832 24832
Country dummies No Yes No No Yes No
adj. R-sq
Pseudo R-sq 0.010 0.060 0.027 0.011 0.053 0.026

Standard errors in parentheses.

=”*p < 0.1, **p < 0.05, ***p < 0.01”.

Nikoloski and Mossialos

Nikoloski and Mossialos BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:472   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-472

Open Data