Table 2

Patients’ characteristics, health status and lifestyles
Total population Patients admitted to hospital the year before entering the home care program
Survived (n=711) Died (n=290) p Survived (n=138) Died (n=88) p
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS
Gender, female, (%) 497 (69.9) 164 (56.5) <0.001 85 (61.6) 35 (39.8) <0.001
Age (years), mean +/− sd 84.4 ± 6.7 84.43 ± 6.7 NS 83.36 ± 6.85 83.77 ± 6.26 NS
Smoker, Yes (%) 24 (3.4) 6 (2.1) NS 4 (2.9) 2 (2.3) 1
Alcohol consumption
  Risk (%) 6 (0.8) 3 (1.0) NS 0 (0.0) 2 (2.3) NS
  Moderate (%) 47 (6.6) 17 (5.9) 9 (6.5) 5 (5.7)
  No (%) 655 (92.1) 270 (93.1) 129 (93.5) 81 (92.0)
HEALTH STATUS
Comorbidity, mean +/− sd(Charlson Index) 2.1 ± 1.9 2.9 ± 2.0 <0.001 2.64 ± 2.0 3.81 ± 2.2 <0.001
Autonomy, mean +/− sd (Barthel Index) 64.7 ± 25.9 53.4 ± 31.4 <0.001 62.9 ± 25.5 51.9 ± 32.5 <0.05
Cognitive status, mean +/− sd (Pfeiffer Test) 3.2 ± 3.0 4.2 ± 3.6 <0.001 3.4 ± 2.9 4.1 ± 3.8 NS
Pressure ulcers risk, mean +/− sd (Braden Test) 18.9 ± 3.2 18.1 ± 3.6 <0.001 18.64 ± 3.3 17.5 ± 3.7 < 0.05
Presence of pressure ulcers
  No (%) 648 (91.1) 219 (75.5) <0.001 124 (89.9) 64 (72.7) <0.05
  Stage 1–2 (%) 51 (7.2) 57 (19.7) 9 (6.5) 18 (20.5)
  Stage 3–4 (%) 9 (1.3) 14 (4.9) 5 (3.6) 6 (6.8)
Health-related-quality of life (SF-12)
  Physical Composite Score, mean +/− sd 31.5 ± 8.0 29.9 ± 7.2 <0.05 30.5 ± 8.0 28.6 ± 7.7 NS
  Mental Composite Score, mean +/− sd 41.2 ± 12.3 38.8 ± 12.7 <0.05 39.8 ± 12.6 38.1 ± 12.1 NS
Social risk, mean +/− sd (Gijón Test) 10.8 ± 3.0 10.7 ± 3.0 NS 10.6 ± 2.8 10.9 ± 3.0 NS

NS= p>0.05.

Sd= Standard Deviation.

Score range of the scales: Charlson 0–5: Barthel: 0–100; Zarit: 0–110; Pfeiffer : 0–10; Braden: 0 – 23; Gijon : 0 – 25; Physical Composite and Mental Composite of SF 12 : 0–100.

Badia et al.

Badia et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:316   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-316

Open Data