Table 1

Conceptual model of quality indicators of trauma care*†
Phase of care Structure Process Outcome
Prehospital protocol for field triage time to first medical contact death
Hospital massive transfusion protocol massive transfusion protocol activation adverse event
Posthospital rehabilitation referral protocol evaluation of functional status multiple hospital visits
2° Prevention chemical dependence screening protocol chemical dependence screening recurrent injury

*Table populated with sample clinical QIs [18,45,46].

†Current proposal focuses on acute care including posthospital transition and initiation of 2° prevention.

Structure is the environment in which health care is provided and includes material and health resources, operational factors, and organizational characteristics of the healthcare facility.

Process is the method by which healthcare is provided and includes the giving and receiving of care by the providers and healthcare system.

Outcome is the consequence of healthcare and includes the health status of patients and communities.

Stelfox et al.

Stelfox et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:31   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-31

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