Table 2

Socioeconomic gradients in risk ratios for amenable mortality by income and cause of death, men aged 25-74
Period I: 1992 – 95 Period II: 1996 - 99 Period III: 2000 - 03 Period interactions
Income RR 95% CI RR 95% CI RR 95% CI p value
All cause mortality
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.35 (1.18 - 1.54 ) 1.39 (1.20 - 1.61 ) 1.41 (1.23 - 1.61 ) PII vs PIII <.001
3 1.67 (1.49 - 1.88 ) 1.77 (1.55 - 2.02 ) 1.80 (1.58 - 2.04 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.15 (1.89 - 2.44 ) 2.41 (2.10 - 2.77 ) 2.60 (2.26 - 3.00 )
1 2.89 (2.54 - 3.28 ) 3.49 (3.03 - 4.03 ) 4.17 (3.57 - 4.88 )
Total disease mortality
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.36 (1.19 - 1.57 ) 1.41 (1.22 - 1.64 ) 1.42 (1.24 - 1.63 ) PII vs PIII <.001
3 1.67 (1.47 - 1.89 ) 1.77 (1.54 - 2.03 ) 1.81 (1.59 - 2.06 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.07 (1.81 - 2.38 ) 2.32 (2.01 - 2.769) 2.53 (2.17 - 2.94 )
1 2.59 (2.28 - 2.95 ) 3.18 (2.73 - 3.71 ) 3.82 (3.23 - 4.52 )
Total amenable mortality
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.20 (0.99 - 1.45 ) 1.46 (1.19 - 1.78 ) 1.35 (1.10 - 1.66 ) PII vs PIII 0.09
3 1.46 (1.23 - 1.73 ) 1.68 (1.42 - 1.99 ) 1.65 (1.39 - 1.97 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.90 (1.59 - 2.267) 2.31 (1.91 - 2.80 ) 2.43 (1.98 - 2.97 )
1 2.83 (2.40 - 3.33 ) 3.91 (3.27 - 4.68 ) 4.13 (3.37 - 5.06 )
Early detection and intervention
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.11 (0.94 - 1.29 ) 1.37 (1.18 - 1.60 ) 1.28 (1.08 - 1.53 ) PII vs PIII 0.49
3 1.31 (1.14 - 1.50 ) 1.53 (1.35 - 1.74 ) 1.47 (1.27 - 1.70 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.61 (1.40 - 1.85 ) 1.87 (1.61 - 2.19 ) 1.98 (1.66 - 2.35 )
1 2.00 (1.75 - 2.27 ) 2.67 (2.26 - 3.16 ) 2.66 (2.25 - 3.15 )
- malignant neoplasm
5 1.00 * 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.09
4 0.85 (0.66 - 1.08 ) 1.10 (0.94 - 1.28 ) 1.05 (0.85 - 1.31 ) PII vs PIII 0.05
3 0.78 (0.63 - 0.97 ) 1.12 (0.97 - 1.29 ) 1.02 (0.85 - 1.21 ) PI vs PIII 0.46
2 0.98 (0.79 - 1.21 ) 1.18 (1.03 - 1.35 ) 1.21 (1.03 - 1.41 )
1 0.90 (0.75 - 1.08 ) 1.25 (1.01 - 1.55 ) 1.31 (1.04 - 1.64 )
- hypertension and cerebrovascular disease
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.21 (1.03 - 1.43 ) 1.51 (1.27 - 1.79 ) 1.41 (1.13 - 1.76 ) PII vs PIII 0.25
3 1.52 (1.32 - 1.75 ) 1.71 (1.49 - 1.97 ) 1.72 (1.43 - 2.05 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 1.85 (1.60 - 2.15 ) 2.19 (1.85 - 2.59 ) 2.39 (1.94 - 2.96 )
1 2.37 (2.06 - 2.72 ) 3.23 (2.72 - 3.84 ) 3.35 (2.75 - 4.07 )
-Improved treatment and medical care
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.46 (1.07 - 1.97 ) 1.69 (1.20 - 2.39 ) 1.57 (1.18 - 2.08 ) PII vs PIII 0.03
3 1.87 (1.41 - 2.48 ) 2.09 (1.50 - 2.21 ) 2.25 (1.74 - 2.92 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.77 (2.06 - 3.71 ) 3.74 (2.75 - 5.09 ) 4.01 (3.06 - 5.26 )
1 5.47 (4.16 - 7.19 ) 7.93 (5.93 - 10.6 ) 9.43 (7.32 - 12.1 )
- predominantly primary care
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.07
4 1.95 (1.29 - 2.93 ) 1.54 (1.02 - 2.32 ) 2.14 (1.18 - 3.88 ) PII vs PIII 0.06
3 2.61 (1.84 - 3.72 ) 2.18 (1.39 - 3.43 ) 4.01 (2.32 - 6.93 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 3.90 (2.79 - 5.44 ) 5.07 (3.20 - 8.02 ) 6.66 (3.84 - 11.5 )
1 5.87 (4.00 - 8.62 ) 7.84 (5.09 - 12.0 ) 14.00 (8.25 - 23.8 )
- predominantly specialist care
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII <.001
4 1.35 (0.97 - 1.87 ) 1.71 (1.19 - 2.45 ) 1.47 (1.08 - 2.01 ) PII vs PIII 0.06
3 1.73 (1.27 - 2.34 ) 2.05 (1.42 - 2.95 ) 2.04 (1.56 - 2.67 ) PI vs PIII <.001
2 2.57 (1.88 - 3.51 ) 3.54 (2.56 - 4.90 ) 3.69 (2.80 - 4.87 )
1 5.31 (3.97 - 7.11 ) 7.95 (5.88 - 10.8 ) 8.77 (6.76 - 11.4 )
Ischaemic heart disease (IHD)
5 1.00 1.00 1.00 PI vs PII 0.115*
4 1.59 ( 1.19 -2.12) 1.42 ( 1.12 - 1.81) 1.52 ( 1.10 - 2.09) PII vs PIII 0.002
3 2.04 ( 1.56 - 2.67) 1.90 ( 1.51 - 2.39 1.93 ( 1.46 - 2.55) PI vs PIII 0.001
2 2.54 ( 1.93 - 3.32) 2.58 ( 2.10 - 3.17) 2.95 ( 2.17 - 4.01)
1 3.51 ( 2.66 - 4.62) 3.90 ( 3.13 - 4.86) 4.74 ( 3.44 - 6.52)

* linear income trend not significant at 95% significance level.

Socioeconomic differences in amenable mortality by income and cause of death, men aged 25-74.

McCallum et al.

McCallum et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:3   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-3

Open Data