Table 3 |
||||||||
Frequencies of utilisation (users-only) – results of zero-truncated negative-binomial regression models – adjusted for age, sex, school education, alcohol consumption and physical activity | ||||||||
Parameter | Number of physician visits | Number of hospital days (in-/outpatient) | Number of rehabilitation days | Number of physical therapies | Number of alternative physician visits | Number of pharmaceuticals used | Number of work absence days | |
(n=1975) | (n=577) | (n=171) | (n=889) | (n=218) | (n=2172) | (n=796) | ||
exp(estimate) | exp(estimate) | exp(estimate) | exp(estimate) | exp(estimate) | exp(estimate) | exp(estimate) | ||
[95% CI] | [95% CI] | [95% CI] | [95% CI] | [95% CI] | [95% CI] | [95% CI] | ||
Smoking status | Current smoker | 1.28 *** [1.08–1.52] | 1.28 [0.74–2.19] | 0.81 [0.59–1.11] | 0.93 [0.75–1.15] | 0.87 [0.43–1.77] | 1.01 [0.88–1.16] | 1.44 ** [1.03–2.01] |
Occasional smoker | 1.00 [0.68–1.45] | 0.83 [0.25–2.73] | 1.18 [0.64–2.16] | 0.84 [0.53–1.32] | 0.36 [0.08–1.76] | 1.33 * [1.00–1.76] | 0.84 [0.45–1.55] | |
Former smoker | 1.17 *** [1.05–1.31] | 0.89 [0.61–1.31] | 0.91 [0.76–1.09] | 1.14 * [0.99–1.31] | 1.35 [0.86–2.11] | 1.25 *** [1.14–1.39] | 1.20 [0.93–1.54] | |
Never smoker | 1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 | 1.00 |
*** significant at the 1% level/** significant at the 5% level/* trend with p≤0.10.
Wacker et al.
Wacker et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:278 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-278