Table 6

Relative differences in estimates compared to reference estimates* (ratio) among 32 medicines: by country and managing authority
Definition Country Managing authority Level
Public Non-public Primary Health center Hospital
n† Mean SE n† Mean SE p-value‡ n† Mean SE n† Mean SE p-value‡ n† Mean SE p-value‡
Current availability
 Reported
Kenya 32 1.36 0.24 32 1.02 0.01 0.17 32 1.09 0.04 31 1.02 0.01 0.06 32 1.01 0.00 0.04
Namibia 30 1.09 0.05 32 1.03 0.01 0.20 30 1.08 0.03 26 1.02 0.01 0.12 32 1.01 0.00 0.03
Rwanda 32 1.04 0.01 31 1.02 0.01 0.42 26 1.03 0.01 32 1.05 0.02 0.34 30 1.01 0.01 0.01
Tanzania 31 1.08 0.06 32 1.02 0.00 0.26 31 1.07 0.04 30 1.01 0.00 0.09 31 1.03 0.01 0.33
Uganda 30 1.04 0.02 31 1.04 0.03 0.96 29 1.02 0.01 30 1.04 0.01 0.21 31 1.05 0.03 0.39
 Observed, at least one unit regardless of validity
Kenya 32 1.35 0.24 32 1.02 0.00 0.17 32 1.09 0.04 31 1.00 0.00 0.04 32 1.00 0.00 0.04
Namibia 30 1.08 0.05 32 1.02 0.01 0.19 30 1.07 0.03 26 1.02 0.01 0.25 32 1.00 0.00 0.06
Rwanda 32 1.00 0.00 31 1.01 0.00 0.26 26 1.01 0.00 32 1.01 0.00 0.60 30 1.00 0.00 0.03
Tanzania 31 1.07 0.06 32 1.01 0.00 0.27 31 1.06 0.04 30 1.00 0.00 0.13 31 1.01 0.01 0.22
Uganda 30 1.02 0.01 31 1.00 0.00 0.37 29 1.01 0.01 30 1.01 0.01 0.92 31 1.01 0.01 0.84
 Observed, all units valid
Kenya 32 0.87 0.05 32 0.89 0.05 0.74 32 0.89 0.05 31 0.91 0.04 0.78 32 0.90 0.04 0.85
Namibia 30 0.91 0.05 32 0.92 0.04 0.91 30 0.89 0.05 26 0.86 0.05 0.63 32 0.92 0.04 0.69
Rwanda 32 0.87 0.01 31 0.83 0.02 0.19 26 0.86 0.03 32 0.85 0.01 0.70 30 0.88 0.01 0.36
Tanzania 31 0.99 0.00 32 0.98 0.00 0.60 31 0.98 0.00 30 0.99 0.01 0.16 31 0.99 0.00 <0.001
Uganda 30 0.74 0.03 31 0.87 0.02 <0.001 29 0.81 0.03 30 0.78 0.04 0.55 31 0.82 0.01 0.65
Six-month period availability
Kenya 32 0.76 0.03 32 0.90 0.01 0.00 32 0.86 0.01 31 0.89 0.02 0.16 32 0.87 0.01 0.39
Namibia 30 0.94 0.02 32 0.97 0.01 0.15 30 0.92 0.03 26 0.93 0.02 0.70 32 0.98 0.00 0.05
Rwanda 32 0.85 0.03 31 0.89 0.02 0.29 26 0.86 0.04 32 0.87 0.03 0.88 30 0.91 0.02 0.26
Tanzania 31 0.80 0.04 32 0.91 0.01 0.01 31 0.86 0.02 30 0.87 0.02 0.81 31 0.90 0.02 0.17
Uganda 30 0.70 0.03 31 0.82 0.03 0.01 29 0.81 0.02 30 0.74 0.03 0.09 31 0.78 0.03 0.43

SE: standard error.

*Reference value: percent of facilities with at least one valid unit observed on the day of survey.

† n is less than 32, when reference estimates were zero for one or more medicines among the 32.

‡ P-value for t-test of ratio distributions compared public facilities or primary facilities.

Choi and Ametepi

Choi and Ametepi BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:266   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-266

Open Data