Table 1

The five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD)[5]
Stage Glomerular filtration rate Description Treatment stage
1 90+ Normal kidney function but urine findings or structural abnormalities or genetic trait point to kidney disease Observation, control of blood pressure.
2 60-89 Mildly reduced kidney function, and other findings (as for stage 1) point to kidney disease Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors.
3 30-59 Moderately reduced kidney function Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors.
4 15-29 Severely reduced kidney function Planning for end stage kidney failure.
5 <15 or on dialysis Very severe, or end stage kidney failure (sometimes called established renal failure) Treatment choices (e.g. Dialysis or a kidney transplant).

Currently 870 UK children are receiving treatment for stage 5 CKD [6]. As children will have CKD for life and are at risk of long-term complications, early diagnosis and optimal management are essential [4,7].

Swallow et al.

Swallow et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:264   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-264

Open Data