|The five stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD)|
|Stage||Glomerular filtration rate||Description||Treatment stage|
|1||90+||Normal kidney function but urine findings or structural abnormalities or genetic trait point to kidney disease||Observation, control of blood pressure.|
|2||60-89||Mildly reduced kidney function, and other findings (as for stage 1) point to kidney disease||Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors.|
|3||30-59||Moderately reduced kidney function||Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors.|
|4||15-29||Severely reduced kidney function||Planning for end stage kidney failure.|
|5||<15 or on dialysis||Very severe, or end stage kidney failure (sometimes called established renal failure)||Treatment choices (e.g. Dialysis or a kidney transplant).|
Currently 870 UK children are receiving treatment for stage 5 CKD . As children will have CKD for life and are at risk of long-term complications, early diagnosis and optimal management are essential [4,7].
Swallow et al.
Swallow et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:264 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-264