Table 4

Results of univariate regressions testing predicted and empirical relationships with empowerment total score
Predictor Predicted relationship with total score β, 95% CI, P Empirical relationship with total score
1. Presence of depression as a long-term condition - −6.98, (−15.92, 1.96), 0.13 0
2. Number of long-term conditions - −4.96, (−7.95, -1.97)** -
3. Duration of long-term condition(s) + 0.46, (0.07, 0.85)* +
4. General health + 11.65, (7.92, 15.38)** +
5. Identity + 4.64, (3.96, 5.33)** +
6. Self-efficacy + 1.76, (1.44, 2.08)** +
7. PEI + 2.09, (0.85, 3.33)** +
8. PACIC + 0.65, (0.42, 0.87)** +
9. Continuity (GPPS) + 6.49, (−2.87, 15.84), 0.17 0
10. Continuity (GPPS preference) + 22.72, (11.57, 33.86)** +
11. Interpersonal care (GPPS) + 0.91, (0.28, 1.54)** +
12. Interpersonal care (GPPS confidence) + 16.09, (−1.83, 33.99), 0.08 0
13. Gender 0 −0.01, (−0.04, 0.02), 0.49 0
14. Age 0 −0.00, (−0.03, 0.02), 0.51 0
15. Ethnicity 0 15.25, (0.54, 29.97)* +
16. Living arrangements 0 −17.73, (−26.63, -8.83)** -
17. Education + 19.18, (9.83, 28.54)** +
18. Current work + 14.41, (−8.21, 37.03), 0.21 0

Note: Identity, Constructed Meaning scale [48]; Self-efficacy, Self-efficacy in Long-Term Conditions scale [52]; PEI Patient Enablement Instrument [33]; PACIC Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care [56]; GPPS General Practice Patient Survey [44]; Continuity (GPPS) and Continuity (GPPS preference) measured using two GPPS questions; Interpersonal care (GPPS) measured using GPPS interpersonal care scale; Interpersonal care (GPPS confidence) measured using a single GPPS question; Summary of results = (+) Positive relationship; (−) Negative relationship; (0) No relationship; β, Standardized coefficient of the model; CI, 95% Confidence interval; *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01.

Small et al.

Small et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:263   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-263

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