Table 1

Hypothesized relationships with empowerment dimensions
Predictor Predicted relationship with: Supporting empirical and theoretical references
Total score Dimensions
Presence of depression as a long-term condition - - [23,61-63]
Number of long-term conditions - - [31]
Duration of long-term condition + + [19,23,24,31,61]
General health + + [21,23,64]
Identity (Constructed Meaning scale) + + (I) [65,66]
Self-efficacy (Self-efficacy in Long-Term Conditions Scale) + + [22,25,32,67,68]
Patient enablement (PEI) + + [33,59,69-71]
Quality of chronic care (PACIC) + + [21,23,63,65,72-75]
Continuity (GPPS) + + [60,76,77]
Continuity (GPPS preference) + + [60,78]
Interpersonal care (GPPS) + + (KU) [33,75,76,78-80]
Interpersonal care (GPPS confidence) + + [10,69,76,80-82]
Gender 0 0 [20,21,23,24,32,61,63,65],[74,83,84]
Age 0 0 [21,23,24,61-63,65,85]
Ethnicity 0 0 [20,21,32,65,74,84]
Living arrangements 0 0 [20,21,61]
Education + + [21-24,31,32,61,83]
Current work + + (KU, EO) [20,23,61,74,83]

Note: Identity = Constructed Meaning scale [48]; Self-efficacy = Self-efficacy in Long-Term Conditions scale [52]; PEI Patient Enablement Instrument [33]; PACIC Patient Assessment of Chronic Illness Care [56]; GPPS = General Practice Patient Survey [44]; Continuity (GPPS) and Continuity (GPPS preference) measured using two GPPS questions; Interpersonal care (GPPS) measured using GPPS interpersonal care scale; Interpersonal care (GPPS confidence) measured using a single GPPS question; Predicted relationships: (+) Positive relationship; (−) Negative relationship; (0) No relationship; Tested empirical dimensions: (I) = Identity; (KU) = Knowledge and understanding; (EO) = Enabling others.

Small et al.

Small et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:263   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-263

Open Data