Table 4

Tuberculosis treatment delays and its relationships with patients characteristics in rural Ebonyi State, 2011 (n = 450)
Variables Patient delay HS delay Total delay
Median (IQR) P- value Median (IQR) P-value Median (IQR) P-value
Total 8 (8, 12) 3 (1, 4) 11 (9, 16)
Prolonged delay N (%) 312 (69%) 114 (25%) 216 (48%)
Age (years) 0.02** 0.004** <0.001**
≤40 8 (8, 12) 3 (2, 3) 11 (9, 15)
41–65 12 (6, 20) 2 (1, 4) 14 (9, 25)
>65 6 (6, 36) 4 (4, 4) 40 (40, 40)
Gender 0.5 0.001** 0.6
Female 8 (8, 12) 2 (1, 3) 11 (9, 16)
Male 8 (4, 12) 3 (2, 4) 12 (9, 16)
Residence 0.04** 0.8 <0.001**
Rural 8 (6, 12) 3 (2, 3) 11 (9, 14)
Urban 12 (10, 15) 3 (1, 4) 16 (11, 19)
Formal education 0.006** 0.9 0.002**
Yes 8 (4, 12) 3 (1, 3) 11 (9, 16)
No 9 (8, 12) 3 (2, 4) 13 (11, 16)

Walking distance to the

nearest public facility

0.015** 0.003** <0.001**
< 60 minutes 8 (6, 8) 2 (1, 3) 11 (10, 14)
60 – 119 minutes 8 (8, 12) 3 (2, 3) 10 (7, 14)
>120 minutes 9 (8, 12) 4 (3, 4) 15 (11, 20)
First visited s non-NTP provider 0.2 0.005 0.6
Yes 8 (8, 12) 3 (2, 4) 12 (10, 21)
No 8 (5, 12) 2 (1, 3) 11 (9, 16)
Sputum smear status 0.3 0.2 0.004**
Smear-positive 8 (8, 12) 3 (1, 4) 11 (9, 16)
Smear-negative 8 (6, 12) 3 (2, 3) 15 (7, 25)
HIV status 0.049** 0.02** 0.1
Positive 8 (6, 12) 3 (2, 4) 11 (9, 15)
Negative 8 (8, 12) 2 (1, 3) 11 (9, 18)
Had a Chest X-ray <0.001** 0.01** <0.001**
Yes 8 (8, 12) 3 (1, 4) 13 (9, 18)
No 8 (4, 12) 2 (2, 3) 11 (7, 14)

All delays are in weeks; HS = Health System; NTP = National Tuberculosis Control Programme; **P < 0.05.

Ukwaja et al.

Ukwaja et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:25   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-25

Open Data