Table 3

The comparison of attitudes of nurse versus physicians on patient safety culture
Items Nurse Physicians χ2 p
NPR NOR NPR NOR
A1. People support one another in this facility 624 97 270 31 1.93 0.17
A3. When a lot of work needs to be done quickly, we work together as a team to get the work done 647 75 250 51 8.45 0.01
A4. In facility, people treat each other with respect 692 29 267 34 19.42 0.01
A11. When one area in this unit gets really busy, others help out 607 115 231 70 7.7 0.01
B2. Manager says a good word when he/she sees a job done according to established 540 182 242 59 3.78 0.06
B3. Whenever pressure builds up, my supervisor/manager wants us to work faster, even if it means taking shortcuts 458 264 203 98 1.49 0.22
B4. My supervisor/manager overlooks patient safety problems that happen over and over 559 163 243 58 1.37 0.24
A6. We are actively doing things to improve patient safety. 646 75 250 51 8.41 0.01
A13. After we make changes to improve patient safety, we evaluate their effectiveness. 654 68 258 43 5.2 0.02
F1. Hospital management provides a work climate that promotes patient safety. 536 186 193 108 10.62 0.01
F8. The actions of hospital management show that patient safety is a top priority. 590 132 233 68 2.51 0.11
F9. Hospital management seems interested in patient safety only after an adverse event happens 478 244 193 108 0.41 0.52
A10. It is just by chance that more serious mistakes don't happen around here. 556 166 271 30 23.27 0.01
A17. We had patient safety problems in this unit. 446 276 195 106 0.82 0.36
A18. Our procedures and systems are good at preventing errors from happening. 497 225 174 127 11.45 0.01
C1. We are given feedback about changes put into place based on event reports. 385 337 169 132 0.68 0.41
C3. We are informed about errors that happen in this unit. 490 232 163 139 17.31 0.01
C5. In this unit, we discuss ways to prevent errors from happening again. 419 303 136 165 14.13 0.01
C2. Staff will freely speak up if they see something that may negatively affect patient care. 347 375 175 126 8.63 0.01
C4. Staffs are afraid to ask questions when something does not seem right. 596 126 224 77 8.83 0.01
C6. Staffs feel free to question the decisions or actions of those with more authority. 593 129 232 69 3.48 0.06
A8. Staff feel like their mistakes are held against them. 646 75 237 64 21.74 0.01
A12. When an event is reported, it feels like the person is being written up, not the problem. 615 107 250 51 0.73 0.39
A16. Staff worry that mistakes they make are kept in their personnel file. 644 75 273 28 0.29 0.59
F4. There is good cooperation among hospital units that need to work together. 480 242 184 117 2.67 0.10
A2. We have enough staff to handle the workload. 457 265 146 155 19.21 0.01
A5. Staffs in this unit work longer hours than is best for patient care. 450 272 182 118 0.25 0.81
A7. We use more agency/temporary staff than is best for patient care. 489 233 171 130 11.06 0.01
A14. We work in “crisis mode” trying to do too much, too quickly. 606 116 250 51 0.12 0.79

Legend:NPR, Number of positive response answers; NOR, Number of other response answers.

Nie et al.

Nie et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:228   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-228

Open Data