Table 5

Per capita service utilization and expenditures (€) in 2006 across all care levels
Service utilization and expenditures (€) per dementia patient across all care levels adjusted for age, gender, comorbidity, mortality and care level
Institution (n=2,934) Community (all) (n=5,584) Difference Community (care level) (n=2,159) Difference
Volume Costs Volume Costs Costs p-value Volume Costs Costs p-value
Health insurance* 5,693 5,466 227 s 6,424 −731 s
without home health care* 5,678 4,759 919 ns 5,533 145 ns
 General practitioner (v) 54.3 761 33.2 626 135 s 37.6 705 56 s
 Medical specialist (v) 13.0 327 8.8 310 17 s 7.2 264 63 s
 Medication (p) 38.8 1,636 33.0 1,270 366 ns 41.1 1,569 67 ns
of which anti-dementia drugs (p) 0.3 49 0.7 129 −80 s 0.6 131 −82 s
 Hospital treatment (d) 6.2 1,904 7.2 1,990 −86 ns 7.5 2,253 −349 s1
 Non-physician services (p) 1.7 295 1.1 189 106 s2 1.7 281 14 s2
 Medical aids (p) 5.3 742 1.5 216 526 s 2.6 303 439 s
 Rehabilitation (d) 0.1 16 1.1 140 −124 s2 0.7 128 −112 s2
 Home health care (p) not provided 2.8 694 −694 ./. 4.1 893 −893 ./.
Long-term care insurance 15,340 4,159 11,181 s 6,810 8,530 s
of which transfers to informal care 2,082 −2,082 ./. 3,414 ./.
Social security system* 21,388 9,765 11,623 s 13,477 7,911 s

v=visits; p=prescriptions; d=days.

s=significant in parts 1 and 2 of the two-part model or in the one-part model; s1=significant in part 1 of the two-part model; s2=significant in part 2 of the two-part model; ns=not significant.

* Results of model estimation; Addition of mean costs per category yields slightly different figures.

Schwarzkopf et al.

Schwarzkopf et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-2

Open Data