Table 4

Per capita expenditures on health and long-term care according to care level
Setting-specific expenditures (€) on health care and long-term care services per capita according to care level adjusted for age, gender, comorbidity, mortality and single interactions
No care level Care level 1 Care level 2 Care level 3
Community Institution Community p-value Institution Community p-value Institution Community p-value
(n=3,325) (n=705) (n=1,059) (n=1,201) (n=729) (n=1,028) (n=371)
Health insurance* 4,018 4,666 5,830 s 6,162 6,395 ns 5,962 7,139 s
without home health care* 3,593 4,681 4,888 ns 6,159 5,425 s 5,965 6,449 ns
 General practitioner 515 777 634 s 771 701 s 746 805 s
 Medical specialist 380 366 350 s1 387 237 s 282 194 s1
 Medication 824 1,221 1,195 s 1,638 1,416 s 1,762 2,251 s
of which anti-dementia drugs 125 81 177 s1 15 118 s2 29 90 s
 Hospital treatment 1,573 1,751 2,199 s2 2,333 2,425 ns 1,908 2,037 ns
 Non-physician services 50 182 127 s 329 281 s2 301 452 s2
 Medical aids 85 391 150 s 676 201 s 932 632 s
 Rehabilitation 180 28 246 s2 29 128 s2 estimation not possible ./.
 Home health care 390 not provided 899 ./. not provided 1,000 ./. not provided 723 ./.
Long-term care insurance 0 12,068 3,173 s 14,850 7,168 s 16,714 10,929 s
of which transfers to informal care not provided not provided 1,752 ./. not provided 3,370 ./. not provided 5,561 ./.
Social security system* 4,018 16,982 9,047 s 21,208 13,795 s 22,921 18,437 s

s=significant in parts 1 and 2 of the two-part model or in the one-part model; s1=significant in part 1 of the two-part model; s2=significant in part 2 of the two-part model; ns=not significant.

* Results of model estimation; Addition of mean costs per category yields slightly different figures.

Schwarzkopf et al.

Schwarzkopf et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-2

Open Data