Table 5

Meta-estimates: effect of socio-cultural factors on adherence to ART
Socio-cultural Pool ES CI 95% p value* Pool studies I2
Low self-efficacy 1.025 0.57-1.85 0.94 3 63.1%
High income countries 2.13 1.03-4.41 0.01 2 0.0%
Low income countries 1.75 1.91-1.31 0.04 1 -
Lack of social support
High income countries 1.04 1.01-1.08 0.02 2 0.0%
Low income countries - - - - -
No depression 0.89 0.83-0.96 0.00 2 0.0%
High income countries 0.92 0.82-1.04 0.17 1 -
Low income countries 0.88 0.80-0.96 0.01 1 -
Stigma 2.17 1.52-3.09 0.00 2 62.1%
High income countries 3.70 1.92-7.42 0.00 1 -
Low income countries 1.74 1.14-2.65 0.01 1 -
Abuse of alcohol 1.75 1.41-2.18 0.00 6 59.8%
High income countries 1.43 1.09-1.86 0.01 4 24.0%
Low income countries 2.72 1.84-1.69 0.00 2 32.7%
Abuse of drugs 1.86 1.48-2.33 0.01 9 1.1%
High income countries 1.89 1.49-2.41 0.00 6 23.2%
Low income countries 1.58 0.78-3.22 0.21 3 0.0%

*Significance level p<0.05.

Gari et al.

Gari et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:198   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-198

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