Table 2

GPs’ referral rates to secondary care, N=4350 consultations1
#GPs Mean referral rates per 100 consultations (n / N) Adjusted 95% CI
odds ratio
% (median)
Total mean (median) referral rate 13.7 (13.0) (595/4350)
Range: 4.0 - 28.0
Variables
Patients’ gender Male, 0 13.0 (248/1911)
Female, 1 14.2 (347/2439) 1.05 (0.88 - 1.27)
Patients’ age 0-9 years 8.0 (19/238) 0.432 (0.26 - 0.73)
10-29 years 16.4 (104/636) 1
30-49 years 15.4 (180/1166) 0.90 (0.69 - 1.18)
50-69 years 13.3 (176/1321) 0.773 (0.59 - 1.0009)
>=70 years 11.7 (116/989) 0.642 (0.48 - 0.86)
GPs’ gender Male, 0 30 12.6 (12) (376/2977)
Female, 1 14 16.0 (13) (219/1373) 1.252 (1.03 - 1.52)
GPs’ age < 35 years 12 13.0 (11) (152/1174) 0.702 (0.55 - 0.91)
35 – 49 years 17 16.1 (15) (270/1676) 1
>= 50 years 15 11.5 (12) (173/1500) 0.83 (0.65 - 1.07)
Specialists in family medicine No, 0 22 14.9 (15) (321/2149)
Yes, 1 22 12.5 (12) (274/2201) 0.762 (0.60 - 0.96)
Solo practice No, 0 39 13.3 (12) (510/3850)
Yes, 1 5 17.0 (15) (85/500) 1.30 (0.98 - 1.71)
Practice type Private practice, 0 27 12.1 (12) (324/2675)
Salaried, 1 17 16.2 (16) (271/1675) 1.362 (1.11 - 1.66)
Travel time to nearest hospital <30 minutes 12 13.0 (12) (156/1201) 0.94 (0.70 - 1.25)
30 - 89 minutes 12 16.7 (15) (192/1148) 1
>= 90 minutes 20 12.3 (12) (247/2001) 0.804 (0.64 - 1.02)
Country where medical degree was obtained Abroad=0 13 14.8 (14) (184/1247) Not included in model
Norway=1 31 13.3 (12) (411/3103)

1Mean referral rates and probability of referral by various variables analyzed by naive multivariable logistic regression.

2 p<0.05.

3 p=0.051.

4 p=0.068.

Ringberg et al.

Ringberg et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:147   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-147

Open Data