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Open Access Research article

Place of death and health care utilization for people in the last 6 months of life in Switzerland: a retrospective analysis using administrative data

Oliver Reich12*, Andri Signorell1 and André Busato34

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Health Sciences, Helsana Group, Zürichstrasse 130, Dübendorf CH-8600, Switzerland

2 Institute of Public Health, Medical Decision Making and HTA, Department of Public Health and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT - University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Eduard Wallnöfer Zentrum 1, Hall in Tyrol A-6060, Austria

3 Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Health Services Research, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, Bern, CH-3012, Switzerland

4 Institute of General Practice and Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Pestalozzistrasse 24, Zurich, CH-8091, Switzerland

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BMC Health Services Research 2013, 13:116  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-116

Published: 25 March 2013

Abstract

Background

There is a growing interest in examining the current state of care and identifying opportunities for improving care and reducing costs at the end of life. The aim of this study is to examine patterns of health care use at the end of life and place of death and to describe the basic characteristics of the decedents in the last six months of their life.

Methods

The empirical analysis is based on data from 58,732 Swiss residents who died between 2007 and 2011. All decedents had mandatory health insurance with Helsana Group, the largest health insurer in Switzerland. Descriptive statistical techniques were used to provide a general profile of the study population and determinants of the outcome for place of death were analyzed with an econometric approach.

Results

There were substantial and significant differences in health care utilization in the last six months of life between places of death. The mean numbers of consultations with a general practitioner or a specialist physician as well as the number of different medications and the number of hospital days was consistently highest for the decedents who died in a hospital. We found death occurred in Switzerland most frequently in hospitals (38.4% of all cases) followed by nursing homes (35.1%) and dying at home (26.6%). The econometric analysis indicated that the place of death is significantly associated with age, sex, region and multiple chronic conditions.

Conclusions

The importance of nursing homes and patients’ own homes as place of death will continue to grow in the future. Knowing the determinants of place of death and patterns of health care utilization of decedents can help decision makers on the allocation of these needed health care services in Switzerland.

Keywords:
Switzerland; End-of-life; Health care utilization; Place of death