Table 4

Median and mean expenditure on medicine, by year
Expenditure on medicine
2005 2007 2008 2011
N total in sample 899 1935 1768 787
% with prescription 77.2 79.0 79.9 83.9
% with expenditurea 64.7 66.1 66.3 68.1
Mean US$(2011) 5.3 9.1 7.8 10.7
Mean US$(2011) 10.3 16.5 15.5 19.5
(95% CI) (8.9 – 11.8) (14.9 – 18.1) (13.7 – 17.3) (17.2 – 21.7)

a % is the proportion of patients who reported expenditure on prescribed medicine. Kruskall-Wallis test of differences in median costs across years : χ2=117.34(3df), P<0.001.

Schwarz et al.

Schwarz et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:103   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-103

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