Table 3

Median and mean amount given to the FD, by year
Expenditure on medicine
2005 2007 2008 2011
N total in sample 877 1935 1768 787
% reporting a paymenta 45.6 44.1 61.6 49.3
Median US$(2011) 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.1
Mean US$(2011) 1.7 2.1 1.9 1.4
(95% CI) (1.44 – 2.01) (1.42 – 2.72) (1.38 – 2.47) (1.27 – 1.52)

a % is the proportion of patients who reported giving money to the family doctor. χ2 test for differences in proportions across years: χ2=29.472(3df), P<0.001.

K-Wallis test of differences in median costs across years: χ2=29.472(3df), P<0.001.

Schwarz et al.

Schwarz et al. BMC Health Services Research 2013 13:103   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-103

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