Table 2

A two-dimensional categorization of 45 countries in 2006

Service scale-up mechanism

    Type of HIV/AIDS epidemic


Low or concentrated (25 countries)

Generalized (20countries)


Resource oriented

(22 countries)

Brazil, China, Jamaica, Mali, Mauritius, Paraguay, Peru, Thailand, Uruguay

Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Congo Dem. Rep., Cote d'Ivoire, Lesotho, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Togo, Uganda, Zambia


Efficiency oriented

(23 countries)

Argentina, Belize, Cambodia, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Lao RDR, Latvia, Nepal, Niger, Romania, Senegal, Vietnam

Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Eritrea, Haiti, Tanzania


Source: Authors' analysis of data compiled from 45 developing countries in 2006

Notes: The HIV/AIDS epidemics are classified according to WHO.a We categorized countries according to the efficiency of their national AIDS programs using a separate DEA. for data in 2006 only. Countries above the median efficiency were termed "resource oriented" while those at or below the median were termed "efficiency oriented"

Zeng et al. BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:74   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-74

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