Table 2

Comparison of health-related indices between management and control groups before and after 18 months
Variables Baseline After intervention
Management group Control group P Management group Control group P
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
or n(%) or n(%) or n(%) or n(%)
subjective grade items
Health knowledge scores (0–29) 5.62(6.59) 5.35(6.38 ) 0.28 22.02(7.89) 9.61(7.08) 0.00
Self-evaluated mental health status score (1–5) 3.51(1.01) 3.54(0.81) 0.08 3.54(0.94) 3.69(0.55) 0.00
Self-evaluated health status score (1–5) 3.42(0.83) 3.40(0.87) 0.74 3.67(0.88) 3.46(0.70) 0.00
Diet (0–18) 14.59(2.11) 14.67(2.43) 0.64 15.22(1.85) 14.87(1.74) 0.00
Physical activity duration (minutes per week) 119.32(257.9) 104.38(213.1) 0.03 269.45(266.2) 168.56(170.7) 0.00
Regular Monitoring blood pressure 415(43.4%) 394(39.2%) 0.06 820(85.7%) 629(62.6%) 0.00
Regular Monitoring blood glucose 209(21.8%) 200(19.9%) 0.29 690(72.1%) 176(17.5%) 0.00
Objective measurement items
Body Mass Index (BMI) 24.13(3.28) 23.79(3.33) 0.01 23.51(4.26) 23.31(3.63) 0.28
Male BMI 23.60(2.99) 23.66(2.98) 0.55 23.31(4.23) 23.36(3.72) 0.85
Female BMI 24.64(3.46) 23.91(3.61) 0.00 23.69(4.29) 23.27(3.55) 0.09
Waist- to- hip ratio (WHR) 0.88(0.06) 0.89(0.06) 0.29 0.88(0.06) 0.96(0.10) 0.00
Male WHR 0.89(0.06) 0.90(0.06) 0.11 0.88(0.06) 0.96(0.09) 0.00
Female WHR 0.87(0.06) 0.87(0.06) 0.69 0.88(0.06) 0.96(0.11) 0.00
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 137.10(16.0) 128.45(14.85) 0.78 131.50(14.0) 126.80(9.55) 0.00
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84.61 ( 9.2) 81.11( 8.24) 0.00 80.85( 8.21) 80.53(5.87) 0.31
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l) 7.11(2.44) 7.18(2.63) 0.85 5.64(1.30) 6.50(1.79) 0.00
(n=112*) (n=133*) (n=112*) (n=133*)
Hyperlipemia patients triglyceride (mmol/l) 2.43(1.56) 2.21(1.89) 0.63 1.97(0.81) 1.96(0.72) 0.95
(n=27#) (n=34#) (n=27#) (n=34#)
Health Service Utilization
Number of outpatient clinic visits in the preceding 6 months 2.17(3.94) 2.14(3.48) 0.60 2.30(2.90) 2.70(2.37) 0.00
Number of admissions in the preceding 6 months 0.06(0.30) 0.06(0.40) 0.62 0.02(0.07) 0.03(0.21) 0.36

* Diabetes patients, # Hyperlipemia patients.

Chao et al.

Chao et al. BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:449   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-449

Open Data