Table 1

General conditions between the management and control groups at baseline
Variables Management group(n=957) Control group(n=1005) t or χ2 P
n(%) n(%)
Age (mean±SD, years) 69.81±6.71 69.40±7.04 1.315* 0.189
Male 459(48.0) 471(46.9) 0.236 0.627
Female 498(52.0) 534(53.1)
Living with children 426(44.5) 418(41.6) 1.994 0.369
Husband and wife living together 467(48.8) 510(50.7)
Living alone 64( 6.7) 77 (7.7)
Illiteracy 99(10.3) 87( 8.7) 3.134 0.371
Primary school 183(19.1) 177(17.6)
High school 568(59.4) 632(62.9)
University 107(11.2) 109(10.9)
Married 812(84.8) 839(83.5) 0.722 0.868
Divorced or Widowed 145(15.2) 166(16.5)
Disease-free 578(60.4) 643(64.0) 2.678 0.102
Hypertension 415(43.3) 473(47.1) 2.709 0.100
Coronary heart disease 112(11.7) 133(13.2) 1.051 0.305
Diabetes 122(12.7) 100(10.0) 3.824 0.051
Hyperlipemia 27( 2.8) 34( 3.4) 0.514 0.474
Obesity 27( 2.8) 17( 1.7) 2.800 0.091

* t value, the other χ2 value.

Chao et al.

Chao et al. BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:449   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-449

Open Data