Table 1

Descriptive statistics - outcome variables by years
Outcome variables Treated (N = 509) Control (N = 3448)
Mean SD Mean SD
2001
HCE as % of total expenditure (%) 8.8% 13.5% 7.7% 12.4%
Number of CHS utilizations (#) 0.075 0.298 0.093 0.430
Number of DHC utilizations (#) 0.096 0.333 0.092 0.328
Number of provincial/central hospital utilizations (#) 0.033 0.201 0.034 0.200
Number of private health care utilizations (#) 0.876 1.097 0.896 1.237
Number of self-treatment (#) 1.012 1.260 1.015 1.318
Number of go-to-pharmacy (#) 1.741 1.390 1.744 1.513
Number of other types of health care (#) 0.008 0.108 0.005 0.076
Total number of utilizations (#) 3.841 3.170 3.879 3.476
2003
HCE as % of total expenditure (%) 6.1% 9.9% 6.5% 12.0%
Number of CHS utilizations (#) 0.096 0.412 0.098 0.441
Number of DHC utilizations (#) 0.079 0.323 0.082 0.295
Number of provincial/central hospital utilizations (#) 0.035 0.195 0.032 0.184
Number of private health care utilizations (#) 0.796 1.084 0.844 1.159
Number of self-treatment (#) 0.674 0.918 0.712 1.024
Number of go-to-pharmacy (#) 1.371 1.204 1.426 1.319
Number of other types of health care (#) 0.006 0.077 0.007 0.095
Total number of utilizations (#) 3.057 2.758 3.201 3.056
2005
HCE as % of total expenditure (%) 6.1% 11.1% 6.5% 12.8%
Number of CHS utilizations (#) 0.183 0.540 0.106 0.387
Number of DHC utilizations (#) 0.126 0.382 0.088 0.331
Number of provincial/central hospital utilizations (#) 0.024 0.176 0.031 0.182
Number of private health care utilizations (#) 0.434 0.805 0.497 0.859
Number of self-treatment (#) 0.548 0.830 0.473 0.747
Number of go-to-pharmacy (#) 1.652 1.697 1.461 1.535
Number of other types of health care (#) 0.004 0.089 0.003 0.068
Total number of utilizations (#) 2.971 2.570 2.660 2.455
2007
HCE as % of total expenditure (%) 6.5% 12.8% 6.3% 11.9%
Number of CHS utilizations (#) 0.169 0.473 0.104 0.412
Number of DHC utilizations (#) 0.136 0.411 0.134 0.426
Number of provincial/central hospital utilizations (#) 0.029 0.169 0.036 0.195
Number of private health care utilizations (#) 0.448 0.796 0.514 0.869
Number of self-treatment (#) 0.564 0.884 0.496 0.829
Number of go-to-pharmacy (#) 1.717 1.834 1.620 1.730
Number of other types of health care (#) 0.004 0.063 0.002 0.048
Total number of utilizations (#) 3.067 2.850 2.906 2.728

HCE = Health care expenditure; CHS = Communal health station; DHC = District health center.

Thanh and Lindholm

Thanh and Lindholm BMC Health Services Research 2012 12:333   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-12-333

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