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Open Access Research article

A cross-sectional prospective study of seclusion, restraint and involuntary medication in acute psychiatric wards: patient, staff and ward characteristics

Tonje Lossius Husum1*, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard12, Arnstein Finset3 and Torleif Ruud45

Author Affiliations

1 SINTEF Health Services Research, PB 124, 0314 Oslo, Norway

2 Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and General Practice, Trondheim, Norway

3 University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine, Oslo, Norway

4 Akershus University Hospital, Division of Mental Health Services, Akershus, Norway

5 University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Oslo, Norway

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BMC Health Services Research 2010, 10:89  doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-89

Published: 6 April 2010

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Table S1: Multilevel logistic regression (Odds Ratio), only involuntary admitted patients in the analysis. Results of the multilevel logistic regression analysis (patient and ward variables).

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