Table 2

Effect on incident cases in Malawi following use of selected prevention interventions

Intervention to reduce new infections from 94,454

number of new infections per year averted

percent reduction in new infections


1

100% condoms for discordant single partner couples

34,673

37%

2

100% multiple concurrent (casual and commercial) partnerships become monogamous

16,668

18%

3

100% Condom use when STI

13,570

14%

4

Double condom use in high risk sex from 43.1% to 86.2%

11,501

12%

5

20% sexually active 15-24 year olds abstain

7,932

8%

6

Treble circumcision from 21% to 63%

7,512

8%

7

Improve STI services to reduce STIs by half

6,785

7%

8

Double circumcision from 21% to 42%

3,765

4%

9

All bar girls use condoms all the time

1,731

2%

Multiple interventions to reduce new infections from 94,454

10

100% condoms for discordant couples and 100% monogamy (1 & 2 combined)

93,858

99%

11

50% condoms for discordant couples and 50% multiple partnerships become monogamous

33,986

36%


Maleta and Bowie BMC Health Services Research 2010 10:243   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-243

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