Table 2

Comparison of state and person-level characteristics between the states that enacted mandates and those not having mandates

States mandates enacted during 1997 and 1999

(N = 3195)

Mean(95% CIs*)

States not having mandates as of 2000

(N = 1602)

Mean(95% CIs*)


Rate of patients having doctoral visits last year (%)

87.8(87.6, 87.9)

87.4(87.2, 87.6)

Prevalence of diabetes in the state (%)

5.5(5.5, 5.5)

5.4(5.4, 5.5)

Insulin use among people with diabetes (%)

30.7 (29.1, 32.3)

29.2 (27.0, 31.4)

Time since diagnosis of diabetes (years)

8.7(8.4,9.0)

8.8(8.4,9.3)

Male (%)

45.9 (44.2, 47.7)

46.6 (44.2, 49.1)

Married (%)

65.7 (64.1, 67.4)

63.7 (61.3, 66.1)

Aged 18-44 y (%)

29.8 (28.2, 31.3)

26.1 (23.9, 28.3)

Aged 45-64 y (%)

70.0 (68.5, 71.6)

73.9(71.7, 76.1)

Non-Hispanic White (%)

78.9 (77.5, 80.3)

71.1 (68.9, 73.3)

Non-Hispanic Black (%)

12.4 (11.3,13.6)

12.5 (10.9,14.1)

Hispanic (%)

6.3 (5.4, 7.1)

4.7 (3.6, 5.7)

Other race/ethnicity (%)

2.4(1.9, 3.0)

11.7(10.2, 13.3)

Less than high school education (%)

10.1 (9.1,11.2)

8.7 (7.4,10.1)

High school graduate (%)

34.1 (32.5, 35.8)

32.4 (30.1, 34.7)

Some college but did not graduate (%)

28.6 (27.0, 30.2)

30.3 (28.1, 32.6)

College graduate (%)

27.1 (25.6,28.6)

28.5(26.3,30.7)

Family income <$35,000/y (%)

46.9 (45.2, 48.7)

44.3 (41.8, 46.7)

Family income $35,000-$75,000/y(%)

41.5 (39.8,43.2)

43.2 (40.8,45.6)

Family income >$75,000/y (%)

11.5 (10.4,12.7)

12.5 (10.9,14.2)


*: CIs: Confidence intervals

Li et al. BMC Health Services Research 2010 10:133   doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-133

Open Data