Table 4

Factor Matrix (factorloadings > 0.2)

Factor 1

Factor 2


Prevent maceration of the skin

0.370

Take care for a clean. dry and square lower layer of bedclothes

0.343

Helping non-bedridden patients lift up or assume a different position

0.531

Involving the patient in prevention

0.219

Assessing risk by means of an instrument and clinical judgment

0.274

Using air mattresses and pillows

0.242

Using visco elastic (foam) mattresses and pillows

Smearing the skin with topical agents to prevent dehydration

Involving family/friends/caregivers in prevention

0.409

Assessing nutritional state and preventing a nutritrional deficiency

0.456

Ensuring good hygiene

0.285

Using a 30-degree side to side turn at least every 4 hours

0.222

Avoid contact of the heels with the lower layer by putting a pillow under the lower legs

0.200

Prevent shear forces

0.392

Smearing the skin with topical agents in case of urine and/or faeces incontinence

0.218

Using a cradle

Reactivation and mobilisation by paramedics

Wrapping the heels/elbows in natural cotton wool and bandages

0.578

Using ice compresses

0.494

Using warm compresses

0.495

Massage

0.422

Using water mattresses and pillows

0.316

Using gel mattresses and pillows

0.265

Inserting a catheter to prevent maceration of the skin

0.204

Smearing the skin (with topical agents) to prevent disturbance in blood supply caused by pressure

0.463

Using a 90-degree side to side turn at least every 4 hours

Avoid contact of the heels with the lower layer by using ring-shaped cushions or gloves filled with water

0.577

Using a sheepskin

0.464


Eigenvalue (% of variance)

2.137 (7.6%)

1.546 (5.5%)


Hulsenboom et al. BMC Nursing 2007 6:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-6-2

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