Table 3 

The association between mental health variables and psychotropic drug use 

Study 
Results 


^{65}Allard et al. (1995), n = 500 
In bivariate analysis, drug use negatively correlated with morale (r = 0.32, p < 0.001) 
^{6 }Blazer et al. (2000), n = 4,162 
In multivariate logistic regression, benzodiazepine use significantly associated with depressive symptoms at 10year followup (OR: 2.13, p < 0.05) 
^{68 }Dealberto et al. (1997), n = 2,812 
In multivariate logistic regression, drug use significantly associated with depressive symptoms at 6year followup (OR: 2.78, p < 0.001) 
^{69 }Gustafsson et al. (1996), n = 421 
In LISREL model, drug use positively correlated (0.63) with poor mental health (chi^{2 }= 3.38, p = 0.33) 
^{94 }Paterniti et al. (1998), n = 1,389 
In multivariate logistic regression, drug users 4 times more likely to report anxious and depressive symptoms than nonusers (OR: 4.0, CI: 2.5–6.5) 
^{63 }Gleason et al. (1998), n = 5,181 
In multivariate logistic regression, benzodiazepine users 7 times more likely to report emotional or nervous problems than nonusers (OR: 6.66, CI 5.1, 8.7) 
^{74 }Taylor et al. (1998), n = 5,222 
Depressive symptoms multiply by 3 the likelihood of using hypnotics and by 5.1 the likelihood of using anxiolytics. Anxious symptoms multiply by 4.2 the likelihood of using hypnotics and by 3 of using anxiolytics. 


Voyer et al. BMC Nursing 2004 3:3 doi:10.1186/1472695533 