Table 4

Operationalization of the subsystem of producing changes in patients’ condition
Producing changes in patients’ conditions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 # models
1. Risk outcomes and safety
Falls 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 17
Injuries 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
Medication management: errors and complications 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14
Pulmonary infections 1 1 1 1 1 5
Pressure ulcers/skin integrity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ° 1 1 1 17
Urinary complications 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
Intravenous infections 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Abuses 1 1 1 3
Nosocomial infections (taken broadly) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12
Failure to rescue 1 1 1 1 4
2. Patient comfort and quality of life related to care
Hygiene 1 1 1 1 4
Physical and chemical restraints 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Symptoms management (e.g., pain, nausea, dyspnoea, fever) 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 22
Incontinence 1 1 1 1 1 5
Comfort and quality of life (taken broadly) 1 1 1 3
3. Patient empowerment
Ability to achieve appropriate self-care 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
Adoption of health-promoting behaviours 1 1 2
4. Patient functional status
Physical functional capacity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 17
Cognitive and psychosocial functional capacity 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
Functional capacity (taken broadly) 1 1 1 3
Recovery of initial health status 1 1 1 3
Nutritional status 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
5. Patient satisfaction
Patient satisfaction/complaints 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 17
6. Joint contribution of nursing with other care systems
Hospital mortality 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Readmissions 1 1 1 1 1 1 6
Length of stay 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 9
Other complications related to care interventions 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7
Number of outcomes indicators 6 5 10 10 4 9 7 12 2 12 1 13 11 8 5 8 8 6 3 8 6 10 10 7 15 5 12 3 9 7 6

Dubois et al.

Dubois et al. BMC Nursing 2013 12:7   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-12-7

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