Table 3

Items in the Swedish Post-discharge Surgery Recovery (S-PSR) and dimensions in the Quality of Recovery-23 (QoR-23) scales in all patients and in different day surgical groups on postoperative day 7 (mean, standard deviation)
All patients (n=471) Orthopaedic patients (n=278) General surgery patients (n=137) Gynaecological patients (n=56) p-value Posthocb
S-PSR items (score 1–10)a
1. Alertness 7.4 (2.3) 7.3 (2.3) 7.4 (2.3) 7.5 (2.5) 0.696 - - -
2. Pain 7.1 (2.3) 6.7 (2.4) 7.4 (2.2) 8.4 (2.0) <0.001 A B C
3. Tiredness 7.0 (2.1) 7.0 (2.1) 6.8 (2.2) 7.1 (2.2) 0.548 - - -
4. Usual activity 6.3 (2.6) 5.7 (2.6) 7.0 (2.5) 7.2 (2.6) <0.001 A B -
5. Daytime nap 7.3 (2.6) 7.3 (2.6) 7.2 (2.6) 7.4 (2.7) 0.921 - - -
6. Mobility 6.0 (2.6) 5.5 (2.5) 6.5 (2.5) 7.4 (2.4) <0.001 A B -
7. Stay at home 8.0 (2.4) 7.9 (2.4) 8.0 (2.3) 8.2 (2.6) 0.512 - - -
8. Physical exercise 6.9 (2.5) 6.7 (2.5) 7.2 (2.4) 7.0 (2.7) 0.198 - - -
9. Expectations 7.3 (2.5) 7.3 (2.5) 7.1 (2.5) 8.1 (2.5) 0.039 - - C
10. Recovery 7.1 (2.4) 6.9 (2.4) 7.2 (2.4) 7.8 (2.3) 0.054 - - -
11. Normal life 6.2 (3.0) 5.7 (3.0) 6.7 (3.0) 7.3 (3.0) <0.001 A B -
12. Frame of mind 8.1 (2.6) 8.0 (2.6) 8.1 (2.6) 8.4 (2.6) 0.628 - - -
QoR-23 dimensions (score 1–5)c
Physical comfort (10 items, range 10–50) 45.7 (5.0) 45.4 (5.3) 46.1 (4.2) 46.2 (5.2) 0.315 - - -
Emotional state (8 items, range 8–40) 35.0 (5.4) 34.7 (5.8) 35.3 (4.7) 36.0 (4.7) 0.196 - - -
Physical independence (5 items, range 5–25) 22.4 (3.1) 21.9 (3.2) 23.4 (1.7) 22.4 (4.7) <0.001 - B -

a Higher score represents positive recovery.

bSignificant Bonferroni posthoc tests represented by: A = orthopaedic - gynaecological patients, B = orthopaedic - general surgery patients, C = gynaecological - general surgery patients.

cHigher score represents better postoperative quality.

Berg et al.

Berg et al. BMC Nursing 2012 11:24   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-11-24

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