Table 2

Ranking of less/more influential factors

Influential hierarchy by type of patienta

1. children

2. foreigners (irrespective of age)

3. patient's personal characteristics (irrespective of age)

4. adults

Influential hierarchy by activity/situationb

1. physicians' way of working/demands

2. wrong routine practice at workplace

3. patient discomfort

5. embarrassment

6. reminding for using precautions

7. lack of time

9. time consuming

10. negative impact on nurse

11. equipment not immediately available

12. non-emergency situation

13. colleagues with more experience

14. previous exposure

15. protection offered by precautions

16. cost from being infected

17. fear

18. death


a. 1 (=less influential) → 4 (=more influential)

b. 1 (=less influential) → 18 (=more influential)

Efstathiou et al. BMC Nursing 2011 10:1   doi:10.1186/1472-6955-10-1

Open Data