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Open Access Highly Accessed Correspondence

Script Concordance Tests: Guidelines for Construction

Jean Paul Fournier1, Anne Demeester2 and Bernard Charlin3*

Author Affiliations

1 Département de Pédagogie Médicale, Faculté de Médecine de Nice Sophia Antipolis, France

2 École Régionale de Sages-femmes, Faculté de Médecine de Marseille, France

3 CPASS, direction de la recherche, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Succursale centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, H3C 3J7, Canada

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BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2008, 8:18  doi:10.1186/1472-6947-8-18

Published: 6 May 2008

Abstract

Background

SCT is used to assess clinical reasoning in ambiguous or uncertain situations. It allows testing on real-life situations that are not adequately measured with current tests. It probes the multiple judgments that are made in the clinical reasoning process. Scoring reflects the degree of concordance of these judgments to those of a panel of reference experts.

Method

SCT is an item format that is gaining acceptance in education in the health professions. However, there are no detailed guidelines on item writing, test scoring or test optimization.

Results

The item format is described and the steps for preparing and administering reliable and valid SCTs are presented.

Conclusion

SCTs probe examinees on a specific clinical reasoning task: data interpretation, a crucial step in the clinical reasoning process. It is inferred that a high degree of concordance corresponds to optimal use of information in the context of these specific tasks and therefore provides an indication of clinical reasoning quality.