Table 1

Nursing Time Study Data, Medication Error Study Data, and Shift Change Survey Data

Significance when

Measure

n

Mean ± standard deviation

compared to Post-Test


Time Spent

Charting

Minutes/Hour

Pretest 1

12

21.26 ± 3.64

not significant

Pretest 2

12

22.35 ± 3.92

not significant

Post-Test

12

21.87 ± 3.09


Significance when

Measure

n

Mean ± standard deviation

compared to Post-Test


Direct

CareTime

Minutes/Hour

Pretest 1

12

25.74 ± 4.83

not significant

Pretest 2

12

30.14 ± 2.83

not significant

Post-Test

12

29.37 ± 4.23


Significance when

Measure

n

Mean ± standard deviation

compared to Post-Test


Medication

Delivery Delay

Minutes

Pretest 1

601

8.5 ± 27.9

p < 0.01

Pretest 2

513

12.8 ± 22.7

p < 0.01

Post-Test

856

16.9 ± 34.9


Significance when

Measure

n

Mean ± standard deviation

compared to Post-Test


Nursing Shift

Survey Score

Scale 1–5/5 is best score

Pretest 1

17

3.57 ± 0.64

p < 0.03

Pretest 2

10

3.54 ± 0.57

p < 0.01

Post-Test

28

4.05 ± 0.36


Significance when

Measure

n

Mean ± standard deviation

compared to Post-Test


Time for Shift

Change

Minutes

Pretest 1

17

13.97 ± 3.43

not significant

Pretest 2

10

13.3 ± 7.0

not significant

Post-Test

28

15.0 ± 5.6


Menke et al. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2001 1:3   doi:10.1186/1472-6947-1-3

Open Data