Table 5

Participants' main actions in dealing with the 11 pre-identified ethical issues

Ethical issues

Main action

Percentage of participantsa


1.

Protecting patients' rights

Discuss with doctors

45.0

2.

Care of patients' quality of life

Discuss with doctors

44.1

3.

Providing care with possible risk to own health and safety

Discuss with doctors

42.4

4.

Respecting informed consent by patients to treatment

Discuss with doctors

66.2

5.

Use of physical or chemical restraints on patients

Discuss with doctors

65.4

6.

Determining when death occurs

Discuss with doctors

79.8

7.

Prolonging dying process without appropriate reason

Discuss with doctors

79.3

8.

Hiding information regarding patients' actual condition from patients or family

Discuss with doctors

67.7

9.

Working with unethical or incompetent colleague

Discuss with other nurses

34.3

10.

Problems of staffing that limit patients' access to nursing care

Refer to the hospital's management team

40.9

11.

Problems of medical resource management that limit patients' access to nursing care

Refer to the hospital's management team

40.3


aPercentage of participants that selected the main action

Musa et al. BMC Medical Ethics 2011 12:23   doi:10.1186/1472-6939-12-23

Open Data