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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Knowledge, attitudes and practices survey on organ donation among a selected adult population of Pakistan

Taimur Saleem1*, Sidra Ishaque1, Nida Habib1, Syedda Saadia Hussain1, Areeba Jawed1, Aamir Ali Khan1, Muhammad Imran Ahmad1, Mian Omer Iftikhar1, Hamza Pervez Mughal1 and Imtiaz Jehan2

Author Affiliations

1 Medical College, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

2 Department of Community Health Sciences, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

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BMC Medical Ethics 2009, 10:5  doi:10.1186/1472-6939-10-5

Published: 17 June 2009

Abstract

Background

To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding organ donation in a selected adult population in Pakistan.

Methods

Convenience sampling was used to generate a sample of 440; 408 interviews were successfully completed and used for analysis. Data collection was carried out via a face to face interview based on a pre-tested questionnaire in selected public areas of Karachi, Pakistan. Data was analyzed using SPSS v.15 and associations were tested using the Pearson's Chi square test. Multiple logistic regression was used to find independent predictors of knowledge status and motivation of organ donation.

Results

Knowledge about organ donation was significantly associated with education (p = 0.000) and socioeconomic status (p = 0.038). 70/198 (35.3%) people expressed a high motivation to donate. Allowance of organ donation in religion was significantly associated with the motivation to donate (p = 0.000). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that higher level of education and higher socioeconomic status were significant (p < 0.05) independent predictors of knowledge status of organ donation. For motivation, multiple logistic regression revealed that higher socioeconomic status, adequate knowledge score and belief that organ donation is allowed in religion were significant (p < 0.05) independent predictors. Television emerged as the major source of information. Only 3.5% had themselves donated an organ; with only one person being an actual kidney donor.

Conclusion

Better knowledge may ultimately translate into the act of donation. Effective measures should be taken to educate people with relevant information with the involvement of media, doctors and religious scholars.