Table 2

CAS training and control groups total score for knowledge of the principles necessary for appraising evidence, attitude towards the use of evidence, perceived confidence and appraisal skill.

CAS training Mean (SD)

Control Mean (SD)

Intention to treat analysis Mean difference+ (95% CI)

Explanatory analysis Mean difference+ (95% CI)


Knowledge [range -18 to 18]

9.7 (5.3)

8.0 (5.1)

2.6 (0.6 to 4.6)*

3.2 (1.1 to 5.2)*

Attitude [range 7 to 35]

25.0 (3.8)

24.8 (4.0)

0.04 (-1.5 to 1.6)

-0.04 (-1.7 to 1.6)

Confidence [range 6 to 30]

15.0 (5.3)

13.8 (5.1)

1.4 (-0.5 to 3.3)

1.13 (-0.8 to 3.1)

Appraisal skill [all range 1 to 5]

Methodology

2.4 (2.5)

2.0 (2.1)

0.6 (-0.8 to 1.9)

0.6 (-0.9 to 2.1)

Results

2.6 (2.8)

1.7 (1.8)

1.2 (0.01 to 2.4)*

1.1 (-0.2 to 2.4)

Relevance/Generalisability

2.7 (2.2)

2.4 (1.7)

0.3 (-0.8 to 1.4)

0.6 (-0.6 to 1.8)


+ Adjusted for sex, age, attendance at previous educational activity, access to medical library, prior experience of searching literature, formal education in research methods and/or epidemiology and or statistics, prior involvement in research

* Statistically significant at P ≤ 0.05

Taylor et al. BMC Medical Education 2004 4:30   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-4-30

Open Data