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Open Access Research article

Selection criteria of residents for residency programs in Kuwait

Yousef Marwan* and Adel Ayed

Author Affiliations

Department of Surgery and Centre for Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Health Sciences Center, Kuwait University, Al-Jabriya, Kuwait

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BMC Medical Education 2013, 13:4  doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-4

Published: 19 January 2013

Abstract

Background

In Kuwait, 21 residency training programs were offered in the year 2011; however, no data is available regarding the criteria of selecting residents for these programs. This study aims to provide information about the importance of these criteria.

Methods

A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from members (e.g. chairmen, directors, assistants …etc.) of residency programs in Kuwait. A total of 108 members were invited to participate. They were asked to rate the importance level (scale from 1 to 5) of criteria that may affect the acceptance of an applicant to their residency programs. Average scores were calculated for each criterion.

Results

Of the 108 members invited to participate, only 12 (11.1%) declined to participate. Interview performance was ranked as the most important criteria for selecting residents (average score: 4.63/5.00), followed by grade point average (average score: 3.78/5.00) and honors during medical school (average score: 3.67/5.00). On the other hand, receiving disciplinary action during medical school and failure in a required clerkship were considered as the most concerning among other criteria used to reject applicants (average scores: 3.83/5.00 and 3.54/5.00 respectively). Minor differences regarding the importance level of each criterion were noted across different programs.

Conclusions

This study provided general information about the criteria that are used to accept/reject applicants to residency programs in Kuwait. Future studies should be conducted to investigate each criterion individually, and to assess if these criteria are related to residents' success during their training.

Keywords:
Residents; Selection; Criteria; Residency; Postgraduate training; Medical education; Kuwait