Table 4

Motivational factors associated with specialty preference
Women Men
N = 214 N = 154
OR p OR p
Surgical specialties Combining work with family 0.4 (0.3–0.6) .000 0.4 (0.3–0.7) .000
Good salarya 1.9 (1.2–3.0) .004 0.8 (0.5–1.3) NS
In line with technical skills 1.4 (1.0–1.9) .034 1.9 (1.2–3.0) .011
Lots of direct patient contact 0.9 (0.6–1.3) NS 0.6 (0.4–0.9) .018
Non-surgical specialties Research opportunities 1.4 (1.0–1.9) .023 1.9 (1.3–2.9) .001
Good salary 0.4 (0.2–0.6) .000 0.8 (0.5–1.3) NS
Interesting content 2.4 (1.0–5.5) .048 1.7 (0.8–3.9) NS
Family medicine Lots of direct patient contact 3.7 (1.8–7.9) .001 2.9 (1.4–6.0) .005
Career prospectsa 0.4 (0.2–0.7) .002 0.8 (0.4–1.5) NS
Combining work with family 2.3 (1.3–4.2) .004 1.6 (0.9 –2.9) NS
Good salary 1.9 (1.1–3.3) .018 1.7 (0.9–3.2) NS
Interesting content 0.4 (0.2–0.9) .024 0.8 (0.4–1.9) NS
In line with technical skills 0.6 (0.4–1.0) .045 0.7 (0.5–1.2) NS
Research opportunities 0.8 (0.6–1.3) NS 0.6 (0.4–1.0) .031
Uncertain Combining work with family 2.1 (1.5–3.1) .000 1.8 (1.2–2.7) .005
Lots of direct patient contact 0.6 (0.4–0.8) .003 1.0 (0.7–1.5) NS

Note: Specialty preference (outcome) = modeling the probability of choosing it (not choosing it = ref.). Mediators = motivational factors (probability of choosing a specialty preference). OR = odds ratio (95% CI = confidence interval). Significance was set at p < .05. NS = not significant. p < .05 in bold. aSignificant interaction term with gender in separate analyses on each motivational factor.

Diderichsen et al.

Diderichsen et al. BMC Medical Education 2013 13:39   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-39

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