Table 5

Residents’ needs (Times chosen (%))
Country Denmark Canada Australia Netherlands
(n = 632) (n = 170) (n = 181) (n = 170)
Sufficient attention* Totally disagree 26 (4.1) 27 (15.9) 21 (11.6) 17 (10.0)
Disagree 335 (53.0) 66 (38.8) 73 (40.3) 69 (40.6)
Neutral 174 (27.5) 41 (24.1) 54 (29.8) 43 (25.3)
Agree 79 (12.5) 33 (19.4) 28 (15.5) 39 (22.9)
Totally agree 18 (2.8) 3 (1.8) 5 (2.8) 2 (1.2)
Needs training Yes 535 (84.7) 142 (83.5) 139 (76.8) 145 (85.3)
No 97 (15.3) 28 (16.5) 42 (23.2) 25 (14.7)
Top three preferred topics Leadership skills 413 (65.3)
Negotiation skills 358 (56.6) 107 (62.9) 113 (62.4) 119 (70.0)
Cost-effectiveness 284 (44.9) 92 (50.8)
Career 128 (75.3) 109 (60.2)
Financial planning 111 (65.3) 92 (50.8)
Specialist department 108 (63.5)
Healthcare system 97 (57.1)
Top three least preferred topics Computer systems 91 (14.4) 33 (19.4) 21 (11.6) 13 (7.6)
Private practice 134 (21.2)
Electronic database 154 (24.4) 35 (20.6) 19 (10.5) 21 (12.4)
Communication skills 30 (17.6) 34 (18.8)
Cost-effectiveness 18 (10.6)
Top three method of instruction Case based 402 (63.6) 56 (32.9)
Interactive 355 (56.2) 85 (50.0) 107 (59.1) 64 (37.6)
Workshop 350 (55.4) 120 (70.6) 124 (68.5) 144 (84.7)
Lecture 83 (48.8) 102 (56.4)
Preferred Instructor Physician 534 (84.5) 148 (87.1) 153 (84.5) 140 (82.4)
Expert** 404 (63.9) 115 (67.6) 108 (59.7) 140 (82.4)
Manager 184 (29.1) 43 (25.3) 53 (29.3) 36 (21.2)
Top two preferred length each teaching One hour 86 (47.5)
Two hours 54 (31.8) 59 (32.6)
One day 322 (50.9)
Half day 129 (20.4) 68 (40.0)
Top two teaching sessions every. Month 220 (34.8) 56 (32.9) 72 (39.8)
Half year 200 (31.6) 68 (40.0) 39 (21.5)
Training should occur during. Medical school 201 (31.8) 51 (30.0) 92 (50.8) 42 (24.7)
Postgraduate training 552 (87.3) 145 (85.3) 137 (75.7) 162 (95.3)
As a specialist 341 (54.0) 30 (17.6) 43 (23.8) 32 (18.8)

*Sufficient attention is given to management training in my residency program.

**Expert: extramural expert, e.g. a lawyer.

† This was an open question in the Dutch questionnaire, for the answer see section “needs assessment”.

Berkenbosch et al.

Berkenbosch et al. BMC Medical Education 2013 13:25   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-25

Open Data