Table 1

Residents’ characteristics
Country Netherlands Denmark Australia Canada
(n = 168) (n = 625) (n = 178) (n = 163)
Gender (Number(%)) Male 56 (33.3) 227 (36.3) 77 (43.3) 81 (49.7)
Female 112 (66.7) 398 (63.7) 101 (56.7) 82 (50.3)
Age (years) (Mean (SD)) 30.3 (3.0) 34.2 (4.3) 27.2 (3.8) 29.2 (3.9)
Specialty (Number(%)) Anesthesiology 15 (8.9) 45 (7.2) 4 (2.2) 6 (3.7)
Clinical biochemistry 1 (0.6) 10 (1.6) 1 (0.6)
Clinical genetics 3 (1.8)
Clinical microbiology 8 (1.3) 1 (0.6)
Clinical pharmacology 6 (1.0)
Dermatology 6 (3.6) 11 (1.8) 1 (0.6) 2 (1.2)
ENT medicine 3 (1.8) 10 (1.6) 9 (5.5)
Emergency department 4 (2.4) 40 (22.5) 7 (4.3)
General medicine 87 (13.9) 22 (12.4) 34 (20.7)
Geriatrics 6 (1.0) 6 (3.4)
Forensic medicine 3 (0.5)
Internal medicine 24 (14.3) 166 (26.6) 16 (9.0) 39 (23.8)
Intensive care 5 (2.8) 1 (0.6)
Medical rehabilitation 1 (0.6) 4 (2.2)
Neurology (surgery) 7 (4.2) 4 (2.2) 1 (0.6)
Nuclear medicine 36 (5.8)
Obstetrics&Gynecology 31 (18.5) 8 (1.3) 6 (3.4) 6 (3.7)
Occupational medicine 26 (4.2) 1 (0.6)
Ophthalmology 5 (3.0) 3 (0.5) 1 (0.6)
Orthopedic surgery 5 (3.0) 10 (1.6) 6 (3.4) 7 (4.3)
Pathology and cytology 5 (3.0) 37 (5.9) 3 (1.8)
Pediatrics 36 (21.4) 9 (1.4) 5 (2.8) 10 (6.1)
Psychiatry 2 (1.2) 23 (3.7) 8 (4.5) 11 (6.7)
Public health 50 (8.0) 1 (0.6)
Quality&Safety 6 (1.0) 2 (1.1)
Radiology 8 (4.8) 6 (3.7)
Surgery 4 (2.4) 19 (3.0) 32 (18.0) 13 (7.9)
Urology 3 (1.3) 33 (5.3) 1 (0.6) 3 (1.8)
Not-stated* 5 (3.0) 13 (2.1) 15 (8.4) 1 (0.6)
Years since graduation (Mean (SD)) 4.9 (2.8) 6.0 (4.2) 2.5 (2.5) 3.2 (2.7)
Previous management Training (Number(%)) Yes 26 (15.5) 545 (87.2) 26 (14.6) 22 (13.5)
No 142 (84.5) 80 (12.8) 152 (85.4) 141 (86.5)
Previous management experience (Number(%)) Yes 98 (58.3) 240 (38.4) 78 (43.8) 91 (55.8)
No 70 (41.7) 385 (61.6) 100 (56.2) 72 (44.2)

*Not-stated: the question was not answered or the answer was incomprehensible.

Berkenbosch et al.

Berkenbosch et al. BMC Medical Education 2013 13:25   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-13-25

Open Data