Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study subjects
Characteristic Control Group (n = 22) Mentored Group (n = 24)
Prior peer review experience
Any prior peer review 11 14
Prior peer review for 3 or more other journals 8 4
Prior peer review experience with a journal of higher impact than Annals 7 5
Prior authorship experience
Median number of first-author publications in a peer-reviewed journal (range) 3 (0 to 15) 4 (1 to 20)
Median number of first-author publications in a peer-reviewed journal of higher impact than Annals (range) 0 (0 to 3) 1 (0 to 3)
Self-reported average usefulness score of various experiences to their peer review skills (Likert scale 1 low, 5 high), with response rates shown
Previous peer review experience at another journal 3.5 (n = 14) 4.2 (n = 17)
Formal training course in peer review 3.1 (n = 8) 3.6 (n = 14)
Formal training in critical appraisal 4.0 (n = 10) 4.0 (n = 17)
Mentorship at Annals from editors or other reviewers 3.3 (n = 7) 3.5 (n = 20)
Other mentoring 3.4 (n = 9) 3.4 (n = 11)
Instructional articles or media on peer review 3.2 (n = 11) 2.7 (n = 16)
Number of experiences of any category of training or mentoring (excluding at a previous journal) listed above (95% CI) p = .003 2.6 (2.1 to 3.2) (n = 17) 3.9 (3.4 to 4.4) (n = 20)

Houry et al.

Houry et al. BMC Medical Education 2012 12:83   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-12-83

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